Maryland cop, 34, is charged after failing to investigate four rape cases


A Maryland police corporal has been charged with four counts of misconduct right after an inside investigation determined that he failed to investigate rape and sexual abuse instances, making an attempt to disguise the information for the scenarios. 

Cpl. Gwynne Tavel of the Annapolis Police Section was charged with the four misdemeanor counts in link to 4 circumstances he presided above from 2017 to 2020, according to courtroom information.   

The conditions were allegedly marked shut in Feb., April and Might 2020 by Tavel, who did very little to no investigation into the circumstances and created no arrests in relationship to them. 

Cpl. Gwynne Tavel of the Annapolis Police Department was billed with the four counts of misconduct for conditions he presided in excess of from 2017 to 2020

‘A sworn police officer failed to carry out his responsibilities as a detective in four alleged sexual assault situations by failing to investigate them effectively and then inappropriately closed the cases to conceal his inaction and address his habits, amounting to misconduct in business,’ Sgt. Hil O’Herlihy stated in the charging files, attained by the Cash Gazzette.  

O’Herlihy, a experienced specifications official for the division, was the arresting officer identified on court records. 

Tavel has been suspended devoid of spend, leaving the law enforcement power in December for lively duty in the Nationwide Guard. 

The 34-12 months-previous law enforcement officer joined the Annapolis Police Division in August 2015, subsequent his time at the Baltimore Police Division. In 2019, Tavel was promoted to corporal.  

Tavel is said to have changed multiple open cases to closed or inactive - designate for cases that have ended in an arrest and/or exhausted all leads

Tavel is stated to have modified many open up situations to closed or inactive – designate for scenarios that have ended in an arrest and/or exhausted all potential customers

Tavel is explained to have modified a number of open up instances to closed or inactive – designate for circumstances that have finished in an arrest and/or fatigued all potential customers. 

During an first lookup, O’Herlihy learned 4 closed conditions that had no supplementary documents detailing the methods in the direction of completing the investigation.

Tavel was assigned a circumstance of a rape in Oct 2018 in which a girl noted blacking out throughout a night out ingesting. She woke up in suffering in her rectum. 

Tavel has been suspended without pay, leaving the police force in December for active duty in the National Guard

Tavel has been suspended without fork out, leaving the police drive in December for active responsibility in the Nationwide Guard

At a area hospital, the female was specified a sexual assault forensic assessment (Protected) and her circumstance was transferred to Tavel soon after it was determined that the incident took place in Annapolis. 

Tavel wrote two, just one-sentence studies acknowledging that he obtained the case but no more operate was conducted. 

‘He did not talk to the target, likely witnesses or try to discuss to potential suspects, irrespective of opportunity suspects becoming identified in the AACo police report,’ O’Herlihy mentioned. 

16 months later, Tavel is reported to have altered the position of the scenario to inactive. He placed the file in the inactive submitting cupboard ‘in an evident try to hide what he experienced finished,’ in accordance to costs. 

A girl claimed in a further situation wherever in August 2018 she passed out immediately after consuming, waking up to find that a person was getting sexual intercourse with her. She handed out and woke up once again, only to find out that she was naked in a closet with her assailant. 

Though Tavel determined a suspect in the investigation and delivered photos of a prospective one to the victim, the woman could not determine the male in the photographs. Tavel would quit operating on the situation, submitting the case as closed in April 2020 on the assert that the target did not want to commence with the investigation. The situation was placed in the exact inactive cupboard.

The 34-year-old police officer joined the Annapolis Police Department in August 2015

The 34-12 months-outdated police officer joined the Annapolis Law enforcement Office in August 2015

Sgt. Andrew Ascione, who was re-assigned he circumstance – would later connect with the victim, who instructed him that she never instructed Tavel that she did not want to continue in the investigation.

In November 2017, a girl documented staying raped by a person she achieved in a recovery home. Tavel was assigned the case, producing that the sufferer had inconsistencies in her statements after he interviewed her. 

Although Tavel discovered the suspect – who had two previous sexual assault allegations – he failed to job interview the man. The corporal proceeded to shut the case, marking it as these types of in April 2020. 

Tavel was assigned a situation involving a two fifty percent brothers – ages 12 and 8 – in September 2019. A Youngster Protective Provider officer implicated that there was proof that their was sexual abuse among the two boys. 

Eight months afterwards and Tavel experienced not investigated the criticism, police asserted. He transformed the circumstance standing tgo ‘Unfounded’ in May perhaps 2020. Situations are marked as these types of when they are discovered to be false or baseless throughout the course of the investigation. 

Law enforcement described Tavel as possessing lied on files when he claimed that there was no sufferer assertion designed for the complaint.  



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Einsteinium: Chemists create and capture the elusive element discovered thanks to the hydrogen bomb


Einsteinium, the elusive 99th factor on the periodic desk, has been created and captured, permitting some of its homes to be characterised for the to start with time.

Not normally taking place on Earth, the so-called ‘synthetic element’ was initial found out among the debris of the initial-ever hydrogen bomb back in 1952.

Considering the fact that then, very couple experiments have at any time been carried out with einsteinium, mainly because it is exceptionally radioactive and very hard to develop.

Researchers from the US, on the other hand, have applied chopping-edge technological innovation to generate 250 nanograms of the aspect.

This simple residence establishes how einsteinium will bind with other atoms and molecules and is vital to comprehending the types of chemical interactions it can have.

Einsteinium — the elusive 99th element on the periodic desk — has been established and captured, making it possible for some of its attributes to be characterised for the to start with time

Not naturally occurring on earth, the so-called 'synthetic element' was first discovered among the debris of the first-ever hydrogen bomb (pictured), codenamed 'Ivy Mike', back in 1952

Not in a natural way developing on earth, the so-named ‘synthetic element’ was 1st identified between the debris of the 1st-at any time hydrogen bomb (pictured), codenamed ‘Ivy Mike’, back again in 1952

‘There’s not a great deal known about einsteinium,’ mentioned paper creator and significant factor chemist Rebecca Abergel of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California.

‘It’s a impressive achievement that we had been in a position to function with this little total of substance and do inorganic chemistry.

‘It’s substantial for the reason that the additional we realize about [einsteinium’s] chemical behaviour, the far more we can apply this understanding for the development of new components or new technologies.’

This, she described, could assist not only with discovering programs for einsteinium directly, but also with the relaxation of the actinides — the block of 15 metallic and radioactive elements with atomic quantities involving 89 and 103.

At the exact time, the new findings could also assistance chemists to detect new developments in just the components that make up the periodic table.

In their analyze, Professor Abergel and colleagues developed their einsteinium sample in the so-called High Flux Isotope Reactor in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, one of the handful of services in the earth able of creating the ingredient.

The content was made by bombarding curium — one more radioactive actinide sequence aspect — with neutrons in get to cause a long chain of nuclear reactions that in the long run yields the preferred einsteinium. 

Generating significant quantities of pure einsteinium, on the other hand, is terribly difficult and the team’s sample finished up contaminated with a californium.

This prevented them from making use of X-ray crystallography — the gold normal for getting structural data on remarkably radioactive molecules — on their sample, forcing them to build new strategies and resources to research their einsteinium.

A next trouble arose as a final result of COVID-19, the pandemic forcing the workforce to shutdown their lab in advance of they could total quite a few of their prepared adhere to-up experiments on the sample.

Even nevertheless they made 1 of einsteinium’s a lot more secure isotopes, it continue to only experienced a ‘half-life’ — the time taken for 50 percent of the product to decay into a thing else — of 276 times, meaning a lot of their sample was absent by the time they returned.

EINSTEINIUM: THE BASICS 

Pictured, a 300 microgram sample of einsteinium, held in a quartz vial

Pictured, a 300 microgram sample of einsteinium, held in a quartz vial

Einsteinium is a delicate, silvery metallic component with the image ‘Es’ and an atomic quantity of 99 (that is, is nucleus is made up of 99 protons). 

Like all the other elements in the so-identified as ‘actinide series’, it is really radioactive.

When seen in the dark (as pictured remaining), samples of einsteinium are viewed to glow blue.

It was to start with detected in the wake of the the very first-ever hydrogen bomb in 1952.

As a so-called ‘synthetic element’, einsteinium is not observed by natural means on the Earth. At current, it has identified no software exterior of standard scientific analysis. 

It was named in honour of the physicist Albert Einstein. 

Since then, very few experiments have ever been undertaken with einsteinium, because it is exceptionally radioactive and extremely difficult to produce. Researchers from the US (pictured), however, used cutting-edge technology to create 250 nanograms of the element

Considering that then, pretty number of experiments have at any time been undertaken with einsteinium, mainly because it is extremely radioactive and exceptionally challenging to produce. Researchers from the US (pictured), nonetheless, applied reducing-edge technologies to generate 250 nanograms of the factor

Nevertheless, the scientists had been in a position to subject matter their einsteinium sample to analysis with luminescence spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy — revealing the two the bond length and some other houses of the ingredient.

‘Determining the bond length might not sound interesting, but it is really the to start with detail you would want to know about how a metal binds to other molecules,’ defined Professor Abergel.

Comprehension how the atoms in a molecule that contains einsteinium may be arranged can give experts an concept of the chemical qualities of these types of molecules, and increase comprehension of chemical developments across the periodic table.

‘By getting this piece of facts, we acquire a improved, broader understanding of how the whole actinide series behaves,’ Professor Abergel said.

‘And in that sequence, we have components or isotopes that are beneficial for nuclear electricity production or radiopharmaceuticals.’

The findings, Professor Abergel explained, could help not only with finding applications for einsteinium directly, but also with the rest of the actinides — the block of 15 metallic and radioactive elements with atomic numbers between 89 and 103 (pictured here in green)

The results, Professor Abergel spelled out, could assistance not only with locating programs for einsteinium instantly, but also with the rest of the actinides — the block of 15 metallic and radioactive factors with atomic quantities in between 89 and 103 (pictured here in inexperienced)

Doing work with einsteinium also teases the likelihood of discovering the chemistry that lies outside of the edge of the current periodic table and potentially even the discovery of an entirely new ingredient.

‘We’re seriously starting up to fully grasp a small improved what happens toward the conclude of the periodic desk, and the upcoming matter is, you could also visualize an einsteinium focus on for identifying new factors,’ described Professor Abergel.

‘Similar to the newest things that were found out in the past 10 many years, like tennessine, which used a berkelium goal, if you were to be able to isolate adequate pure einsteinium to make a concentrate on, you could commence seeking for other factors.’

This, she extra, could bring us closer to the theorized ‘island of stability’, wherever nuclear physicists forecast isotopes could have 50 percent-lives of minutes or days — compared with microsecond or fewer half-life generally located amid the superheavy aspects.

The entire results of the review have been printed in the journal Character.

HOW WAS THE PERIODIC Desk Created?

Chemists have often seemed for means of arranging the factors to reflect the similarities involving their qualities. 

The modern day periodic desk lists the elements in order of expanding atomic number – the variety of protons in the nucleus of an atom.

Historically, nonetheless, relative atomic masses had been made use of by experts trying to organise the elements. 

This was largely mainly because the thought of atoms staying made up of smaller sub-atomic particles – protons, neutrons and electrons –  experienced not been produced. 

Nevertheless, the basis of the present day periodic desk was properly recognized and even employed to predict the qualities of undiscovered aspects extended before the thought of the atomic selection was developed. 

Inquire most chemists who identified the periodic desk and you will just about definitely get the remedy Dmitri Mendeleev. 

The Russian scientist was the very first to publish a edition of the desk that we would recognise currently, in 1869, but does he have earned all the credit?

A selection of other chemists in advance of Mendeleev were investigating styles in the attributes of the things that have been recognised at the time. 

The earliest try to classify the features was in 1789, when Antoine Lavoisier grouped the factors centered on their homes into gases, non-metals, metals and earths. 

Various other attempts were built to group elements with each other about the coming a long time. 

In 1829, Johann Döbereiner recognised triads of elements with chemically related properties, this kind of as lithium, sodium and potassium, and confirmed that the attributes of the middle element could be predicted from the properties of the other two.

It was not until finally a extra exact checklist of the atomic mass of the things grew to become obtainable at a convention in Karlsruhe, Germany in 1860 that serious progress was made towards the discovery of the contemporary periodic table.

This space of the site celebrates the get the job done of many well known researchers whose quest to find out far more about the planet we dwell in and the atoms that make up the factors all around us led to the periodic desk as we know it right now.

Supply: The Royal Society of Chemistry 



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School staff are NOT more likely to die of Covid-19 than the general population, ONS survey reveals


Teachers are not more likely to die from coronavirus than the general population, official figures reveal, amid mounting calls to bump them up the vaccine list and get children back at their desks before the Easter holidays.

A report by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) published today found 139 teachers in primary schools, secondary schools and universities in England and Wales died last year after catching the virus.  

Protecting teachers earlier than other vulnerable Brits has been a subject of hot debate in recent weeks with ministers desperate to reopen schools, but the data show their death risk is no higher than average.

This may in part be because they have spent large parts of the pandemic working from home or on school holidays – schools were only fully open between September and December. Most schools, however, have still been giving in-person lessons to vulnerable children and the children of key workers throughout the pandemic.

Statisticians said school staff’s rate of death was below the national average of 31 and 16 fatalities per 100,000 people in men and women respectively, as they had a rate at 18 and 10.

The report also revealed almost twice the number of working-age men had died from the virus than women by December 28, revealing a stark disparity between the two sexes.

But fewer than 8,000 deaths have been registered among those under 65 overall, one twelfth of the total number. 

Boris Johnson today promised children would be able to return to the classroom ‘as soon as possible’ but failed to commit to a date – amid fears schools will have to remain closed until April.

Senior Conservatives are up in arms about the long-term damage to the prospects of the youngest in society – demanding an immediate route map for how classrooms can get back up and running.

But Commons Speaker Lindsay Hoyle has rejected a request to summon Education Secretary Gavin Williamson for a grilling this afternoon, despite expectations that he will announce that schools cannot return after the February half-term in the coming days, and possibly not for many months.

There have been mounting calls for teachers to be bumped up the vaccinations list to help allow schools to open their gates sooner, with Health Secretary Matt Hancock saying they had a ‘good case’ for being next in line. 

ONE IN SEVEN WORKING-AGE WOMEN WHO DIED FROM COVID-19 WORKED IN CARE

One in seven of all working-age women who died from coronavirus last year were care workers, official figures reveal, and men under 65 faced almost double the risk of death.

A report by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows of the 2,833 women aged between 20 and 64 who died after catching the disease in England and Wales, 400 worked in care services.

This is the highest number of women in a profession to have died from the virus.

It is followed by those working as postmen, cleaners and security staff, where 193 fatalities have been registered, and those in administrative tasks – such as receptionists – where 186 deaths have been recorded.

For men in the same age group 5,128 had succumbed to the virus by December 28, almost double the number of women over the same time period.

Fewer than 8,000 deaths were registered in people under 65 overall, one twelfth of the fatalities in older groups.

The ONS report also looked at deaths in secondary school teachers, because this was the only category where enough had occurred to allow them to calculate a death rate.

It found no statistical difference between the likelihood of dying from the virus for those working in these settings compared to the general population, further suggesting pupils should be allowed to return to the classroom.

There were 52 deaths in secondary school teachers last year, they said. This gave a death rate of 39.2 per 100,000 in males, and 21.2 per 100,000 in females. 

The report also revealed that 5,128 working-age men had died from the virus by December 28, almost double the 2,833 deaths registered in women of the same age over the same period of time.

Postmen, cleaners and security staff had the highest number of deaths from the virus last year, the ONS said, with 692 deaths in this category.

They were followed by lorry and bus drivers and others working in transport, where 608 fatalities were recorded.

There were 594 deaths in care workers, and 364 in administrative occupations.

Ben Humberstone, the head of analysis and life events at the ONS, said: ‘Today’s analysis shows that jobs with regular exposure to Covid-19 and those working in close proximity to others continue to have higher Covid-19 death rates when compared with the rest of the working age population. 

‘Men continue to have higher rates of death than women, making up nearly two thirds of these deaths.

‘As the pandemic has progressed, we have learnt more about the disease and the communities it impacts most. 

‘There are a complex combination of factors that influence the risk of death; from your age and your ethnicity, where you live and who you live with, to pre-existing health conditions. Our findings do not prove that the rates of death involving COVID-19 are caused by differences in occupational exposure.’

It is feared schools will remain closed after the half-term break, meaning millions needing to rely on remote learning and parents having to juggle home schooling with work, with experts warning it will hit mental health and widen the learning gap for the poorest.

The Government is under mounting pressure to set a date for when children can get back behind their desks, as schools across the country stand empty. Pictured: an empty classroom at Westlands Primary School, Staffordshire

The Government is under mounting pressure to set a date for when children can get back behind their desks, as schools across the country stand empty. Pictured: an empty classroom at Westlands Primary School, Staffordshire

Education committee chair Robert Halfon has joined calls for a ‘routemap’ to classrooms reopening fully, which are backed by the former chief whip Mark Harper, chair of the Tory lockdown-sceptic CRG group.

Speaking to Times Radio, Mr Halfon said he was ‘hugely worried’ about the ‘impact on mental health, on educational attainment, on safeguarding’ as schools are shut. 

‘I’m not a lockdown sceptic – I voted for all of the Government measures – but I am a permanent school-down sceptic,’ he said. 

‘We’re creating a “have and have not” society with some children doing remote learning and disadvantaged children doing much less.’

He added: ‘I think that everything the Government is doing is directed towards the economy and health which is perhaps understandable, but I think education is perhaps the most important thing we can do as a society because it is about our coming generation.’

Experts have warned Britain risks having a ‘lost generation’ of children because of the disruption to teaching and the exams schedule, and called for the youngest – who are least affected by the virus – to be allowed to return to the classroom.

Hopes of enabling this were raised yesterday when Mr Hancock suggested teachers could be bumped up the queue for vaccinations, which could allow schools to open soon.

He said teachers had a ‘good shot’ at being higher priority on the vaccination list, as hundreds of top schools offered to allow their premises to be used for vaccinating all teachers over February half-term.

Saturday alone saw 491,970 people get their first dose and 1,043 get their second, the highest daily figures recorded so far 

The Health Secretary said that while those at highest risk of death needed to be protected first, there was a ‘perfectly reasonable debate’ about who should be next.

Speaking on Sky’s Sophy Ridge On Sunday, he said: ‘Supply [of vaccine] is the rate-limiting factor. The question is who should have each dose as it comes in… and we’ve taken the decision, quite rightly, to go through in order of clinical need, starting with those who are most likely to die from this disease.

‘We’re going through those who are clinically vulnerable… and after that there’s a perfectly reasonable debate to be had about who should go in what order next… Teachers have got a good shout to be very high on the list and those discussions are going on.’

Currently, the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation lists teachers alongside those in the military, justice and transport systems as being in the second phase for jabs.

Almost half a million Britons have been vaccinated in a single day, official figures reveal, as the rollout continues to gather steam.

Department of Health data shows a record 493,013 jabs were administered on Saturday, marking the fifth day in a row that the operation has picked up the pace.

And three quarters of Britain’s over-80s have now received their first dose, according to the Health Secretary Matt Hancock, in another promising sign that the country could be on course to hit its ambitious target.

This may give the Government leg-room to turbo-charge the rollout of the vaccine to other professions. 



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Dolly Parton says she’s certainly not dumb – and not blonde either!


BIOGRAPHY

SHE Appear BY IT NATURAL   

by Sarah Smarsh (Pushkin £9.99, 187pp)

For almost all her career, Dolly Parton’s most well-known asset has not been her prodigious musical expertise, but her astounding cleavage. ‘She’s the Queen of Country,’ a smirking Terry Wogan advised viewers of his chat demonstrate in 1983, ‘and the best upper body in the West.’

Dolly, all bouffant wigs and restricted, rhinestone-encrusted apparel, has joined in the mockery herself, commenting cheerily that ‘it requires a whole lot of dollars to glance this cheap’. But then why really should she treatment what people today imagine?

Getting offered 100 million documents, and with a fortune believed at $500 million, it’s Dolly who has had the previous chortle. ‘I’m not offended by the dumb blonde jokes for the reason that I know I’m not dumb … and I also know I’m not blonde,’ she states.

Sarah Smarsh who is a former research fellow at Harvard College, has penned a biography about Dolly Parton (pictured)

Dolly Parton’s rise, from her childhood in a cabin on the banking institutions of Tiny Pigeon River in Tennessee to her posture as a person of the songs industry’s biggest and most enduring stars, is a wonderful rags-to-riches tale. And for Sarah Smarsh, a former analysis fellow at Harvard College and a Parton superfan, it also can make her a feminist icon.

In She Occur By It Pure, which is part-memoir and component-celebrity biography, Smarsh sets out to present how Dolly’s music, and the way she has lived her everyday living, have motivated a generation of American women of all ages.

The e book is created in an odd mixture of breathless enthusiasm and earnest tutorial jargon. When Dolly left property at 17 to go to Nashville, Smarsh declares, she wasn’t just searching for fame and fortune, like so lots of other young women of all ages drawn to showbusiness: she had ‘independent goals that defied gender norms’.

In spite of her fantastic appears to be like and apparent talent, Dolly had a depressing time when she initial moved to America’s state music cash. She was so really hard up she resorted to roaming hotel corridors, hunting for place assistance trays from which she could steal foods.

At 18, she married Carl Dean, to whom she remains married to this day. Dean, who ran an asphalt-laying enterprise, is a instead mysterious figure who has rarely even been photographed.

Has the relationship been pleased? ‘The extent to which Parton’s sexual working experience was or was not contained by monogamous relationship is for her to know,’ Smarsh says somewhat pointlessly. Dolly’s major crack came when she landed a location on a Television exhibit hosted by Porter Wagoner, a middle-aged region singer with ‘a thunderous ego’, who hired Dolly to be the rather young matter at his aspect.

In advance of extensive, she was far more well-liked than him and her documents considerably outsold his. A single of her early hits was Jolene, with its irresistible chorus, ‘I’m begging of you, make sure you don’t get my man’, a track impressed by a lender cashier who flirted with Dolly’s husband.

Dolly (pictured) opened her own theme park in Tennessee in 1986, attracting three million visitors a year and providing employment in the area

Dolly (pictured) opened her very own theme park in Tennessee in 1986, attracting three million people a 12 months and supplying employment in the place

Right after 7 a long time, Dolly broke totally free of Wagoner, who instantly sued her for a reduce of all her long term earnings. Dolly settled with him for a million dollars. It was a clever determination the music she wrote to mark their qualified split, I Will Always Enjoy You, sold 20 million copies when Whitney Houston recorded it in 1992. Even extra astutely, Dolly claimed no to Elvis, who required to report the music but only if he owned 50 for each cent of the rights. Dolly cried all night time immediately after turning him down.

Time and once more, Dolly has demonstrated that beneath her giggly girly exterior she has a core of steel — or, as Smarsh would have it, she is ‘a smart business shark with a hypersexualised actual physical presentation’. Dolly herself puts it alternatively a lot more pithily: ‘I glance like a girl, but I believe like a person and you superior shell out interest or I’ll have your income and I’ll be absent.’

Dolly moved seamlessly into movies and had a enormous hit with 9 To 5, a dark comedy about a few females plotting to murder their lecherous boss. The jaunty song of the similar identify that she wrote for the movie has turn into an anthem for operating women all over the place. Other productive components adopted, in Steel Magnolias and The Ideal Very little Whorehouse In Texas.

In 1986, she opened Dollywood, her have concept park in Tennessee, which attracts a few million readers a calendar year and presents employment in an location which is even now quite deprived. She later started her have label so she could document whatever she preferred — not just state songs but also bluegrass, gospel and pop.

Sarah Smarsh who hasn't met Dolly, was able to write the biography from interviews and Dolly's own autobiography. Pictured: Lily Tomlin, Dolly Parton, Jane Fonda in Nine To Five

Sarah Smarsh who hasn’t satisfied Dolly, was able to compose the biography from interviews and Dolly’s personal autobiography. Pictured: Lily Tomlin, Dolly Parton, Jane Fonda in Nine To 5

At what issue did Dolly transform in the general public notion from a slightly tacky nation singer to a celebrity who is the epitome of awesome? Appearing ahead of 180,000 ecstatic lovers at Glastonbury in 2014 certainly aided her avenue cred, as did the graceful way she dealt with the festival’s notoriously muddy ailments. ‘I grew up on a farm,’ she shrugged, ‘so this mud ain’t nothin’ new to me.’

Now 75, Dolly is also a critical philanthropist. For the past 25 a long time, she has been quietly funding Creativeness Library, a literacy programme set up in honour of her illiterate father, which sends a e book a thirty day period to small children, such as 40,000 of them every month in Britain. Last spring, she also donated a million bucks to assist in the improvement of the Moderna Covid vaccine.

Smarsh, who grew up in the exact grinding rural poverty as Dolly, has by no means fulfilled her issue, enable on your own interviewed her, so as a biography this is fairly sketchy things, culled from interviews and from Dolly’s individual autobiography.

SHE COME BY IT NATURAL by Sarah Smarsh (Pushkin £9.99, 187pp)

SHE Appear BY IT Organic by Sarah Smarsh (Pushkin £9.99, 187pp)

The creator does occur into her own when she is writing about the effects of region songs, which she describes as ‘how we talked to each and every other in a area where feelings weren’t discussed’.

She sees anything heroic and even subversive in Dolly’s trademark flamboyant look: ‘She stands for the weak lady, the doing work-class female whose female sexuality is usually an vital product for survival.’

Smarsh is less convincing when she is trying to pigeonhole her as a feminist icon, even although Dolly has always taken care of that she isn’t a feminist. ‘I just imagine we ought to all be handled with regard,’ she says — a remark which, Smarsh suggests gloomily, ‘might split your coronary heart if, like me, you talk the language of university-educated activists’.

The truth is that Dolly Parton defies analysis. She has been a star for more than 50 a long time, without a hint of scandal and devoid of at any time staying photographed seeking much less than immaculate. She is her have exclusive, joyful creation, no matter if singing about her mother’s love for her in Coat Of A lot of Colors or crafting the best split-up track, The Grass Is Blue.

My favorite Dolly tale is about the drummer in her backing band who informed her that her stage costume was also flashy. Dolly fired him and purchased a drum machine alternatively. The machine saved her a whole lot of income, she reported sweetly, and ‘it really don’t discuss back’.



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Waitress saves boy from his abusive parents by passing him a note asking ‘ do you need help?’ 


An Orlando waitress has been hailed as a hero for saving an abused 11-12 months-aged boy from his mother and father by passing him a notice inquiring ‘do you need assist?’  

Police reported that the steps of Flavaine Carvalho aided the child escape a probably existence-threatening problem when she passed him the note at the Mrs Potato Restaurant on January 1. 

The boy’s stepfather, Timothy Wilson II, 34, was initially arrested on a single depend of 3rd-degree youngster abuse. 

Wilson was afterwards arrested for a second time on January 6 and charged with numerous counts of aggravated baby abuse and baby neglect for his carry out involving his stepson, which investigators have likened to torture. 

Florida waitress Flavaine Carvalho who saved an 11-yr-previous boy from his allegedly abusive parents by passing him a take note inquiring ‘do you require enable?’ (pictured) has been hailed as a hero

Carvalho showed this note to the boy behind the backs of his parents on New Year's Day

Carvalho showed this take note to the boy guiding the backs of his moms and dads on New Year’s Day  

The victim’s mother, Kristen Swann, 31, was arrested and charged with two counts of youngster neglect for allegedly becoming aware of the abuse and failing to find health care assist for her son.

Carvalho mentioned for the duration of a push convention that when the family members sat at a desk, she noticed that everybody gained meals except for the boy, which struck her as odd, in accordance to WOFL-Tv.

Wilson informed her that the boy would eat meal at household, Carvalho mentioned, in advance of she noticed that the boy experienced bruises more than his deal with and arms. 

‘I could see he experienced a major scratch amongst his eyebrows,’ Carvalho said. ‘A few of minutes later, I saw a bruise on the facet of his eye. So I felt there was a thing actually erroneous.’

The boy's stepfather Timothy Wilson II (left), 34, was first arrested on one count of third-degree child abuse. The boy's mother Kristen Swann (right), 31, was arrested and charged with two counts of child neglect

The boy’s stepfather Timothy Wilson II (remaining), 34, was very first arrested on one particular rely of 3rd-degree kid abuse. The boy’s mother Kristen Swann (ideal), 31, was arrested and billed with two counts of little one neglect

She secretly wrote the be aware examining ‘do you have to have support? OK’ and stood guiding the boy’s mom and dad so they could not see her.

The little one originally declined aid by shaking his head, before signalling ‘yes’ soon after Carvalho’s second try, prompting her to phone 911.

In audio launched by police from her mobile phone get in touch with, Carvalho says: ‘I’m super involved and I don’t know what to do, can you give me some advice? What I can do?

‘The boy is with bruises and he is not feeding on. The other individuals are ingesting.’ 

When officers arrived on the scene, they interviewed the mother and father and the little one, who was explained to have winced in ache when questioned to roll up the sleeves of his sweatshirt, revealing bruises on his arms.  

The boy was taken to the healthcare facility and medical doctors discovered that he was 20lb underweight and experienced substantial bruising masking most of his entire body.

Police said the boy’s moms and dads subjected him to various kinds of abuse, like forcing him to do 30-minute plank and beating him if he failed.

At a push convention, a police spokesperson explained: ‘What this little one experienced long gone by way of, it was torture.

‘Seeing what that 11-year-old had to go by, it shocks your soul.’ 

The boy advised police that ratchet straps were being tied around his ankles and neck, and he was hung upside down from a doorway on 1 occasion. 

He claimed he was strike with a picket broom and handcuffed and tied to a significant transferring dolly. He also claimed he did not get to consume on a regular basis as punishment. 

The boy has been taken into the custody of the Florida Section of Kids and Family members, alongside with his four-12 months-outdated sister who appeared unharmed. 

‘If Ms. Carvalho would not have said a thing when she saw it, that little boy would in all probability not be with us, much for a longer time,’ said Exclusive Victims Device Detective Erin Lawler.

Rafaela Cabede, the owner of Mrs Potato Cafe, credited a increased energy for owning Carvalho there that night to produce the boy from damage.

She defined to WFTV9 that Carvalho was not scheduled to be doing work on New Year’s Day and was only there due to the fact a different employee took the night off.

They spouse and children have been seated at the only desk in the cafe where by Carvalho would have been in a position to maintain the signal up to the boy with no his parents’ looking at her.

Cabede has launched a GoFundMe campaign to reward her employee, composing in the description: ‘the end result of this story was only doable due to the fact of her act of kindness, compassion and how fearlessly she stood up for this boy or girl.



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Half an hour of stretching is more effective at reducing blood pressure than a walk, study finds 


People with substantial blood force are better off owning a extend at dwelling rather than heading out for a wander if they want to decreased their blood strain, research finds.

College of Saskatchewan researchers had a team of 40 superior blood pressure victims break up into two teams – one particular did stretching and one did strolling. 

50 percent an hour a working day of ‘whole body’ stretching workout routines diminished all types of blood strain by additional than a brisk wander over the identical sum of time, they identified. 

A mixture of both of those would not automatically minimize blood stress by far more than stretching workout routines, however it would carry other general well being rewards, they stated. 

Persons with substantial blood strain are superior off acquiring a extend at home alternatively than going out for a wander if they want to reduce their blood stress, research finds. Stock impression

University of Saskatchewan researchers had a group of 40 high blood pressure sufferers split into two groups - one did stretching and one did walking. Stock image

College of Saskatchewan researchers experienced a team of 40 superior blood strain victims split into two teams – a single did stretching and one particular did going for walks. Stock graphic

The regular age of persons associated in the study was 61, it was made to appear at the effects of diverse exercise styles on more mature victims of stage a single hypertension. 

For the research 1 team did fifty percent an hour a day of stretching for five times a 7 days more than an 8 7 days interval, though the other did the similar total of ‘brisk’ going for walks.

Right before and after the study, Chilibeck’s crew measured participants’ blood tension whilst they had been sitting down, lying down, and around 24 hours using a portable observe. 

The results, revealed in the Journal of Bodily Action and Wellness, located stretching was much better for lowering blood force – a primary hazard element for heart disorder.

Walking, which many medical doctors endorse for patients, was not as productive at only reducing blood pressure, nevertheless walkers shed a lot more human body fat than stretches. 

Analyze writer, professor Dr Phil Chilibeck, mentioned everyone thinks that stretching is just about stretching your muscular tissues ahead of other actions. 

‘But when you stretch your muscle mass, you happen to be also stretching all the blood vessels that feed into the muscle mass, which includes all the arteries,’ he claimed.

‘If you reduce the stiffness in your arteries, you can find considerably less resistance to blood flow.’

Walking, which many doctors recommend for patients, was not as effective at simply lowering blood pressure, however walkers lost more body fat than stretches. Stock image

Going for walks, which several physicians advocate for people, was not as productive at simply just reducing blood tension, even so walkers lost more overall body extra fat than stretches. Inventory impression

When prior research have proven stretching can cut down blood tension, this exploration is the initially to pit strolling in opposition to stretching in a head-to-head comparison in the very same team of examine members.  

‘No limit’ to the benefits of exercising on coronary heart wellness

There is ‘no limit’ to the advantages that can be acquired in phrases of coronary heart overall health and diminished danger of cardiovascular condition from training, in accordance to a new analyze. 

The most affordable possibility of cardiovascular illness – these kinds of as a heart assault or stroke – is noticed among men and women who are the most active, say Oxford University experts.

Researchers studied 90,000 United kingdom residents who had no prior cardiovascular disorder and had them dress in an accelerometer to evaluate their physical action above a 7 days. 

Individuals who exercised the minimum ended up most likely to smoke, have a larger overall body mass index and most frequently identified with higher blood force, the group located.

In comparison to people who exercised the minimum, people who got the most bodily activity had been 46 per cent a lot less very likely to establish challenges with their heart.  

Folks who are strolling to lower their significant blood force should really continue to do so, but also increase in some stretching periods, in accordance to Chilibeck.  

‘I never want persons to arrive absent from our investigation thinking they should not be performing some form of aerobic exercise,’ he additional.

‘Things like walking, biking, or cross- region skiing all have a optimistic influence on entire body fats, cholesterol stages, and blood sugar.’

Having said that, stretching is a sort of training that is less difficult to do, specially for these in lockdown or with osteoarthritis and other illnesses that protect against them from executing anything extra physically demanding, he  included.

The professor reported: ‘When you happen to be calming in the night, instead of just sitting on the sofa, you can get down on the floor and extend whilst you happen to be seeing Television.’  

An additional recent analyze by researchers from the University of Oxford observed that there is ‘no limit’ to the positive aspects that can be gained in phrases of heart wellbeing and lessened hazard of cardiovascular illness from workout.

Compared to those who exercised the the very least, people who obtained the most physical exercise had been 46 per cent a lot less probably to establish troubles with their coronary heart.

Chilibeck and colleagues are now searching for funding to do a bigger analyze involving a lot more contributors and to examine far more than just blood stress. 

They’d like to discover some of the physiological reasons powering why stretching lessens blood strain – such as arterial stiffness and adjustments in the body’s anxious method resulting from stretching. 

The findings of the Canadian analyze have been published in the Journal of Actual physical Exercise and Health. 

Higher BLOOD Tension

Large blood pressure, or hypertension, seldom has noticeable indications. But if untreated, it increases your threat of really serious complications these kinds of as coronary heart attacks and strokes.

Extra than a person in 4 adults in the Uk have substantial blood force, though several will not realise it.

The only way to locate out if your blood pressure is large is to have your blood force checked.

Blood tension is recorded with two numbers. The systolic pressure (greater range) is the pressure at which your coronary heart pumps blood all around your system.

The diastolic stress (decreased range) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels. They are both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).

As a common guideline:

  • significant blood strain is regarded as to be 140/90mmHg or higher
  • perfect blood stress is deemed to be in between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
  • minimal blood tension is thought of to be 90/60mmHg or lessen
  • A blood strain reading involving 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could suggest you might be at threat of developing higher blood force if you do not acquire actions to preserve your blood tension below control.

If your blood force is far too high, it places added strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the mind, kidneys and eyes.

Persistent high blood force can enhance your possibility of a variety of critical and possibly life-threatening disorders, such as:

  • heart condition
  • heart assaults
  • strokes
  • heart failure
  • peripheral arterial condition
  • aortic aneurysms
  • kidney disease
  • vascular dementia

Resource: NHS



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West Sydney warned as a busy RSL in Merrylands, cricket match in Parramatta are put on Covid alert


Sydneysiders have been put on alert after a number of venues in the city’s west were visited by a person with a confirmed case of coronavirus. 

NSW Health issued the alert on Tuesday night warning that anyone who has been to the locations at the same time as the confirmed case should immediately get tested and self isolate until the results are returned. 

Among the locations visited are the Merrylands RSL club, the Ollie Webb Cricket Ground at Parramatta, and a Hindu temple in Mays Hill. 

Sydneysiders line up in traffic at a drive-thru coronavirus testing clinic in December (pictured) as several new outbreaks plague the city 

People wear masks as they walk around a shopping precinct in Sydney on Sunday (pictured). Masks are mandatory in the city to combat a growing number of coronavirus cases

People wear masks as they walk around a shopping precinct in Sydney on Sunday (pictured). Masks are mandatory in the city to combat a growing number of coronavirus cases 

A confirmed Covid case visited Ollie Webb Reseerve in Parramatta (pictured) for a social cricket game on December 28

A confirmed Covid case visited Ollie Webb Reseerve in Parramatta (pictured) for a social cricket game on December 28

A high volume drive-through COVID-19 testing clinic is open at Merrylands Parks in Sydney’s west on the corner of Burnett Street and Merrylands Road. The clinic is open seven days a week from 8am to 8pm.

On Monday, NSW Police began warning and fining people for breaching new rules requiring masks across Sydney as the city tries to contain an outbreak. 

The tightening of restrictions was announced on Saturday with fines of $200 for those who refuse to wear masks on public transport and in public indoor venues.

One person was charged and two others fined, among them a man spotted at Parramatta shopping centre who had been warned earlier that day, and a man at Seven Hills Railway Station who allegedly swore at police and told them to fine him when confronted.

Another 25 people were warned by police on Monday. 

NSW HEALTH ALERT FOR WESTERN SYDNEY ISSUED TUESDAY NIGHT 

Anyone who was at these venues during these times is asked to immediately get tested and self isolate until you receive further advice from NSW Health: 

Merrylands RSL – Monday December 28 – 4pm to 4.45pm

Saravanaa Bhavan Indian Restaurant, Parramatta – Monday December 28 – 10.20am to 10.50am 

Ollie Webb Cricket Ground, Parramatta – Monday December 28 – 7.30am to 11am 

Sydney Murugan Temple, Mays Hill – Friday January 1 – 12.40pm to 1.30pm 

Sydney Marina Dine In & Take Away, Pendle Hill – Sunday January 3 – 12.30pm – 12.50pm 

The Sydney Murugan Temple (pictured) at Mays Hill has also been listed by NSW Health

The Sydney Murugan Temple (pictured) at Mays Hill has also been listed by NSW Health 

The Merrylands RSL (pictured) was issued with a warning after a case visited the venue on December 28

The Merrylands RSL (pictured) was issued with a warning after a case visited the venue on December 28 

NSW Health announced four new cases of COVID-19 in the state on Tuesday as a cluster emerging from a BWS bottle shop in Berala is closely watched. 

The BWS was exposed after a Covid-19 patient transport worker and a colleague unknowingly visited the store while infectious before Christmas.  

It is believed a BWS worker then caught the virus without knowing and served thousands of customers over the festive season. 

Coronavirus testing is also ramping up in regional NSW where some residents must isolate after a young man travelled thousands of kilometres on a camping trip before testing positive.

The 18-year-old Sydney man visited Orange, Nyngan and Broken Hill in the state’s central and western regions after visiting the bottle shop at the centre of a recent cluster on Christmas Eve. His case was identified on Tuesday. 

On Tuesday night, NSW Health issued a revision to their Covid warnings for one venue in Orange and another hospitality venue in Broken Hill. 

REVISED ALERT FOR REGIONAL NSW ISSUED ON TUESDAY NIGHT 

Anyone who attended the following venues during the times listed is considered a close contact and should immediately get tested for coronavirus and self-isolate for 14 days regardless of the result: 

Birdie Noshery & Drinking Est. in Orange – Sunday January 3 – 12pm to 2pm 

Gourmet Cribtin, Broken Hill – Saturday January 2 – 12pm to 2pm (CST)  

The 18-year-old man visited the Birdie Noshery (pictured) in Orange on Sunday 3 January from 12pm to 2pm while potentially infectious

The 18-year-old man visited the Birdie Noshery (pictured) in Orange on Sunday 3 January from 12pm to 2pm while potentially infectious 

Cricket fans have also been warned they will be fined $1000 if they attend the SCG Test from a coronavirus hotspot. 

The Australian Medical Association has led calls for the third Test to be played in front of empty stands because of the risk it poses as a potential coronavirus super-spreading event.

The SCG’s capacity will instead be capped at 25 per cent on Thursday, when the series between Australia and India resumes.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who will remain in Canberra and watch the game on television because of the ACT’s border restrictions, says it is ‘great that it’ll be played in front of people’.

‘It’s been done in a safe way,’ he told 2GB.

‘They’ve got a good plan to deal with that, based on the medical advice.’

Acting NSW Premier John Barilaro reiterated on Tuesday that ‘everything comes with a risk’ amid Sydney’s coronavirus outbreak, having already urged regional NSW residents to not attend the match.

Testing in the Sydney suburb of Five Dock on December 30 (pictured) amid a cluster of cases in the city

Testing in the Sydney suburb of Five Dock on December 30 (pictured) amid a cluster of cases in the city 

An Indian restaurant (pictured) in Parramatta was visited by someone with coronavirus on December 28

An Indian restaurant (pictured) in Parramatta was visited by someone with coronavirus on December 28 

The state government, desperate to minimise that risk, has banned anybody from Berala and nearby suburbs attending the third Test.

‘Do not come to the Test,’ NSW Health Minister Brad Hazzard said.

‘You must not come to the SCG.

‘That’s for your sake and for our community’s sake.

‘If any of you think that it’s still OK to come in with somebody else who’s got a ticket or tickets, it won’t be.

‘Health orders made in the next 24 hours will enable NSW Police to fine you $1000 if you put a foot inside the SCG.’



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Brainteasers in our literary quiz… which could win you £1,000!


YOUR STARTER FOR TEN 

1 Which senior Labour minister of a few years ago has written four volumes of memoirs, each of them named after a Beatles song?

2 Who, in 2018, became the first ever Booker Prize winner to come from Northern Ireland?

3 Which office has been held by Quentin Blake, between 1999 and 2001; Jacqueline Wilson, between 2005 and 2007; Michael Rosen, between 2007 and 2009; and Julia Donaldson, between 2011 and 2013; and is currently held by Cressida Cowell?

4 What is the name of the 1852 book, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, that was the best-selling novel of the 19th century?

Name the one play by Shakespeare (pictured) that is set in the 11th century

5 Which American humorous writer, who now lives with his partner Hugh in Sussex, is such an inveterate litter-picker that his local council named a refuse lorry after him?

6 Which romantic poet and serial womaniser referred to his many and varied sexual encounters as ‘hot luncheons’?

7 Name the one play by Shakespeare (pictured) that is set in the 11th century.

8 Which 1945 novella was banned in the U.S. at one time because it was thought that it might expose readers to communist ideas, and in the UAE because it contains a talking pig?

9 In which series of real books might you see mention of these fictional books by Oolon Colluphid: Where God Went Wrong; Well, That About Wraps It Up For God; and Some More of God’s Greatest Mistakes?

10 During World War II, Foyle’s Bookshop in London bomb-proofed itself by covering the roof with copies of which book, originally published in German in 1925?

Girl on film: Janet Leigh appeared in which famous Hitchcock movie?

Girl on film: Janet Leigh appeared in which famous Hitchcock movie?

GIVING YOU THE TIME OF DAY 

We’re looking for novels written by these people and published in these years, and there’s a thematic link between the answers. (So if one of them doesn’t fit, it’s likely wrong.)

1. Nathanael West (1939) 2. Frederick Forsyth (1971) 3. Margaret Atwood (2009) 4. Clarice Lispector (1977) 5. John Wyndham (1951) 6. Paul Scott (1968) 7. J. L. Carr (1980) 8. J. L. Carr (1963) 9. Sebastian Faulks (2009) 10. John Grisham (1989)

FILMS AND BOOKS 

Here are ten films based on famous books. We’ll give you the three main stars, the director and the year of first release for each. We want you to give us the title of the novel (or short story) it was based on and the name of its author. For example: Anthony Hopkins, Jodie Foster, Scott Glenn, directed by Jonathan Demme (1991). Answer: The Silence Of The Lambs by Thomas Harris. Let’s go!

Star of the Silver Screen: Kim Basinger

Star of the Silver Screen: Kim Basinger

1 Anthony Perkins, Vera Miles, Janet Leigh, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1960).

2 Julie Christie, Donald Sutherland, Hilary Mason, directed by Nicolas Roeg (1973).

3 Ellen Burstyn, Max von Sydow, Linda Blair, directed by William Friedkin (1973).

4 Sissy Spacek, Piper Laurie, John Travolta, directed by Brian De Palma (1976).

5 Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, directed by Rob Reiner (1987).

6 Sam Neill, Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum, directed by Steven Spielberg (1993).

7 Kevin Spacey, Kim Basinger, Russell Crowe, directed by Curtis Hanson (1997).

8 Tommy Lee Jones, Javier Bardem, Josh Brolin, directed by Joel and Ethan Coen (2007).

9 Kenneth Branagh, Penelope Cruz, Johnny Depp, directed by Kenneth Branagh (2017).

10 Saoirse Ronan, Emma Watson, Laura Dern, directed by Greta Gerwig (2019).

ME, MYSELF AND I

In her own words: Claudia Winkleman

In her own words: Claudia Winkleman

As usual, there’s a small tsunami of celebrity autobiographies in the bookshops. Who wrote each of these?

1. A Del Of A Life

2. Quite

3. A Promised Land

4. Tall Tales And Wee Stories

5. Life’s What You Make It

6. Behind The Sequins: My Life

7. No Time Like The Future: An Optimist Considers Mortality

8. Once Upon A Tyne: Our Story Celebrating 30 Years Together On Telly

9. Really Saying Something

10. The Dreamer: An Autobiography

ANNIVERSARIES 

The year 2020 was another bumper year for literary anniversaries . . .

1. Which great English poet was honoured for his 250th birthday last year? During his seven years as Poet Laureate, this man wrote no poetry at all.

2. Who was the youngest of three rampantly over-achieving sisters — born in 1820? She was just 29 when she died.

3. And which other writer, who wrote only one novel, was born during the same year in Great Yarmouth? Hers was the first ever English novel to be written from the perspective of a non-human animal. 

Which legendary English novel was first published in 1920? Whether you have read it or not, the image in your mind whenever it¿s mentioned is of Oliver Reed and Alan Bates wrestling naked on a hearth-rug (pictured).

Which legendary English novel was first published in 1920? Whether you have read it or not, the image in your mind whenever it’s mentioned is of Oliver Reed and Alan Bates wrestling naked on a hearth-rug (pictured).

4. Which English writer died 150 years ago (1870) aged 58, and left £93,000 in his will? He is buried in Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.

5. Which legendary English novel was first published in 1920? Whether you have read it or not, the image in your mind whenever it’s mentioned is of Oliver Reed and Alan Bates wrestling naked on a hearth-rug (pictured).

6. How old would the science fiction writers Isaac Asimov, Ray Bradbury and Frank Herbert all have been in 2020?

7. Which German-Dutch diarist died 75 years ago, in 1945? She too only wrote one book, and her father made sure it was published in 1947.

8. Which novelist, who wrote all his six novels in Weybridge, Surrey, died half a century ago in 1970? He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature on 16 separate occasions, but never won.

9. Which much-loved fictional character would have been 40 on July 31 last year?

10. Last year marked 25 years since which grumpy old American writer died? Her New Year’s Eve Toast ran as follows: ‘To all the devils, lusts, passions, greeds, envies, loves, hates, strange desires, enemies ghostly and real, the army of memories, with which I do battle — may they never give me peace.’

PICTURE ROUND

These ten writers have something in common other than (and here’s a clue . . .) their possibly Irish or Scottish backgrounds. Can you name them and discover the link?

1. Born 1948 2. Born 1930 3. Born 1937 4. Born 1972 5. 1917-1967 6. 1914-2000 7. 1912-1989 8. 1911-1966 9. 1934-2006 10. Born 1968

FROM THE BOOKS PAGES OF THE DAILY MAIL 

1. According to a new biography, Prince Philip had an ‘emotionally intimate’ relationship with which British writer and visited her ‘full of doubts’ before his wedding to the Queen?

A) Daphne du Maurier.

B) Barbara Pym.

C) Ivy Compton-Burnett.

2. What books would QC and author Marina Wheeler take to a desert island?

Was it her? Jilly Cooper

Was it her? Jilly Cooper

A) The Jeeves stories by P G Wodehouse.

B) The three volumes of Haruki Murakami’s 1Q84 series.

C) Boris Johnson: The Gambler by Tom Bower.

3. ‘Losing status, money, reputation and security is a shock when it happens all within a few days,’ wrote Barbara Amiel in her memoir. Who said to her, ‘I’ll bet I’m in charge of more bathrooms and lavatories than you’ — and won the bet?

A) Melania Trump.

B) Imelda Marcos.

C) Ghislaine Maxwell.

4. According to a book Roger Lewis reviewed in March, Michael Sheen, Anthony Hopkins, Dame Flora Robson, Leonard Rossiter and Kenneth Branagh all started their careers where?

A) In amateur dramatic societies.

B) In stand-up comedy.

Pictured: Kenneth Branagh

Pictured: Kenneth Branagh

C) As theatre critics for newspapers.

5. Kate Lister’s A Curious History Of Sex was revealing. What did Victorian men think ‘would damage the feminine organs of matrimonial necessity and shake them loose’?

A) Riding a horse.

B) Dancing a foxtrot.

C) Bicycling.

6. Our reviewer Mark Mason thought this the dieting tip of the year: ‘Paste photographs of girls in bikinis on all the biscuit tins.’ From a collection of whose newspaper columns?

A) Nora Ephron.

B) Jilly Cooper.

C) Sarah Vine.

7. According to Annie Vernon’s Mind Games, subtitled: An Insider’s Guide To The Psychology Of Elite Athletes, Rebecca Adlington, Victoria Pendleton, Steve Redgrave, Matthew Pinsent, David Beckham, Harry Kane, Usain Bolt, Andy Murray have something in common. Are they all…

A) Elder siblings?

B) Only children?

C) Younger siblings?

8. Renée, Jacqueline, Maria, Eva, Sylvester (the only man), Joan, Allanah, Annie, Esther, Natalia, Patricia, Evelyn, Eda, Lesley, Laura, Rosamund, Jenny, Anne and Aliette were the 19 lovers of which writer, in a biography reviewed (and enjoyed) by Ysenda Maxtone-Graham?

A) Vita Sackville-West.

B) Sybille Bedford.

C) Ivy Compton-Burnett.

How to enter 

Send your answers by post to: Daily Mail Literary Quiz, Books Dept, Daily Mail, Northcliffe House, 2 Derry Street, London W8 5TT. Include your full name and address, phone number and email address (if you have one).

TERMS AND CONDITIONS: Closing date for the Literary Quiz is January 18, 2021. The first set of correct answers pulled from the hat after the closing date wins a prize of £1,000. We will publish the winner’s name and the correct answers in the Books pages on January 22, 2021. The prize is non-transferable and no alternative is available. Allow 28 days for receipt of the prize. Normal Daily Mail terms and conditions apply. See page 60 for full T&Cs or visit dailymail.co.uk/rules



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Millions move into Tier 4 to combat mutant Covid strain


Millions of people will move into Tier 4 today after those already under the tightest coronavirus restrictions celebrated a Covid Christmas any way they could. 

Sussex, Oxfordshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire will move into Tier 4, created in response to a variant of Covid-19 discovered in the UK, from Saturday.

The parts of Essex still in Tier 2, Waverley in Surrey and Hampshire including Portsmouth and Southampton, but with the exception of the New Forest, will also move into the toughest tier.

The additional six million going into Tier 4 takes the total number of people under the toughest restrictions to 24 million – 43 per cent of England’s population. A further 24.8 million will be in Tier 3. 

It comes after many had to make the most of a Christmas Day already under Tier 4 restrictions in London and the south east. 

Two women brave the elements to have a socially distanced Christmas lunch, with all the trimmings, on Clapham Common in London which is in Tier 4 

Four-year-old Archie receives gifts, socially distanced, from his grandparents in Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham on Christmas Day. Birmingham will remain in Tier 3

Four-year-old Archie receives gifts, socially distanced, from his grandparents in Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham on Christmas Day. Birmingham will remain in Tier 3 

Some headed to beach in Brighton to get some fresh air ahead of moving up a Tier today. Brighton and Hove is moving in Tier 4 on Boxing Day

Some headed to beach in Brighton to get some fresh air ahead of moving up a Tier today. Brighton and Hove is moving in Tier 4 on Boxing Day 

Sussex, Oxfordshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire will move into Tier 4, created in response to a variant of Covid-19 discovered in the UK, from Saturday

Sussex, Oxfordshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire will move into Tier 4, created in response to a variant of Covid-19 discovered in the UK, from Saturday

Photographs showed groups meeting to eat their Christmas dinners on Clapham Common in London while others headed to beach in Brighton to get some fresh air ahead of moving up a Tier to 4 today. 

Meanwhile in other parts of the country some families were able to visit their elderly relatives in care homes to celebrate festivities. Some families in Birmingham were pictured meeting grandparents in parks to exchange gifts.

It came as England recorded 32,725 coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours, according to the latest figures, as festive bubbles were cancelled for millions.   

Nationwide figures weren’t released today as the devolved nations’ tallies aren’t counted on the Government dashboard over Christmas.

Families turned out for the traditional Christmas Day swimming on the beach yesterday in Brighton. The area will move into Tier 4 today

Families turned out for the traditional Christmas Day swimming on the beach yesterday in Brighton. The area will move into Tier 4 today

The infections announced today means there has been a 14 per cent increase in cases in a week even without the full figures. 

But in England 570 deaths were recorded – bringing the national tally since March up to 70,195.  

In Tier 4, no household mixing is allowed, though one person can meet one other person outside in a public space, while all non-essential shops and businesses must close, including personal care and indoor entertainment.

Nobody can enter or leave Tier 4 areas and residents must not stay overnight away from home.

Meanwhile, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Somerset including the North Somerset council area, Swindon, the Isle of Wight, the New Forest and Northamptonshire plus Cheshire and Warrington are moving up to Tier 3. 

Mary Orme (right) and her son Michael McKimm embrace their mother and grandmother, Rose McKimm, during a Christmas Day visit at Aspen Hill Village care home in Hunslet, Leeds. The care home is able to host almost 50 visits for family members this Christmas after running successful trials of lateral flow testing for coronavirus

Mary Orme (right) and her son Michael McKimm embrace their mother and grandmother, Rose McKimm, during a Christmas Day visit at Aspen Hill Village care home in Hunslet, Leeds. The care home is able to host almost 50 visits for family members this Christmas after running successful trials of lateral flow testing for coronavirus

Some families in Birmingham were pictured meeting grandparents in parks to exchange gifts. This family does so while socially distancing

Some families in Birmingham were pictured meeting grandparents in parks to exchange gifts. This family does so while socially distancing 

Swimmers take a Christmas Day dip at Blackroot Pool at Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham. The area will remain in Tier 3

Swimmers take a Christmas Day dip at Blackroot Pool at Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham. The area will remain in Tier 3

 

Photographs showed groups meeting to eat their Christmas dinners on Clapham Common in London today as the city is in Tier 4

Photographs showed groups meeting to eat their Christmas dinners on Clapham Common in London today as the city is in Tier 4

Four-year-old Archie receives gifts, socially distanced, from his grandparents in Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham

Four-year-old Archie receives gifts, socially distanced, from his grandparents in Sutton Park, in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham

Many turned out for the traditional Christmas Day swimming on the beach today in Brighton today before the city moves into Tier 4 restrictions today

Many turned out for the traditional Christmas Day swimming on the beach today in Brighton today before the city moves into Tier 4 restrictions today

Albie, Clive and their father Hudson take a Christmas Day dip in the sea at Saltdean, East Sussex, today. The area will move into Tier 4 from today

Albie, Clive and their father Hudson take a Christmas Day dip in the sea at Saltdean, East Sussex, today. The area will move into Tier 4 from today

In the ‘very high’ alert level, no household mixing is allowed indoors or outdoors, except in parks and public gardens.

All hospitality is closed, except for takeaways and deliveries, and accommodation and entertainment venues must shut.

Cornwall and Herefordshire are moving up to Tier 2 from December 26, where the main restrictions are no household mixing allowed indoors, but the ‘rule of six’ applies outdoors.

Hospitality venues must close unless serving substantial meals with drinks, while large sport and entertainment events are allowed but with a very limited audience.

The Isles of Scilly, which has a population of just 2,000 people, will be the only area of England remaining in Tier 1.

In the lowest alert level, the ‘rule of six’ must apply indoors and outdoors, while there must be table service in hospitality venues, with last orders at 10pm and closing time at 11pm.  



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Monolith made out of GINGERBREAD and dotted with frosting and gumdrops appears in San Francisco


We are just about at the finish line for 2020, but there’s continue to time for at least one more monolith—and, apropos of the year, this one’s built out of gingerbread.

Dotted with frosting and gumdrops, a confectionery tower was discovered Xmas Day by readers to San Francisco’s Corona Heights Park.

No 1 has taken credit for the sweet construction, but locals have referred to as it a ‘Christmas wonder,’ bringing pleasure all through a turbulent time.

The city’s parks section says it truly is not in any rush to acquire the monolith down: ‘We all are entitled to a little little bit of magic right now,’ an agency spokesperson informed KQED.

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Readers to a hilltop in San Francisco’s Corona Heights Park on Christmas Working day were being greeting by but another monolith, this a single created of gingerbread.

Application developer Ananda Sharma spotted the tower during his morning operate and snapped a image.

‘It smelled very very good,’ he tweeted.    

Sharma advised KQED he smelled the tower right before he saw it. 

‘It created me smile. I speculate who did it, and when they place it there?’ 

The sweet structure is supported by plywood and decorated with icing and gumdrops

The sweet structure is supported by plywood and embellished with icing and gumdrops

One witness said it smelled 'very good,' while another licked the tower to make sure it was real

A person witness said it smelled ‘very excellent,’ even though an additional licked the tower to make certain it was actual

Website visitors to the park, which overlooks the Castro, have experienced problems examining the monolith’s dimensions: Some guessed it was 10 toes tall, many others 7 feet, and some hazarded just 5 feet. 

In pics, the construction dwarfs a female standing subsequent to it. 

At minimum one particular passerby wanted evidence the candy column was not a faux.

‘The gingerbread monolith is serious. So actual that i even viewed somebody lick it,’ Solution manager Josh Ackerman tweeted. ‘And then I proceeded to say a prayer for them. On that note, merry monolith!

At a single level, the gingerbread tower was even framed by a rainbow.

‘In the best act of SF 2020 defiance, there is an expertly-iced gingerbread monolith atop Corona Heights. Miracle?’ tweeted Jeffrey Tumlin, director of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.

Jeffrey Tumlin, director of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, called the gingerbread tower 'the perfect act of SF defiance.'

Jeffrey Tumlin, director of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, known as the gingerbread tower ‘the fantastic act of SF defiance.’

Extra than a dozen monoliths have popped up all over the entire world, starting up with a shiny metallic just one noticed in the Utah desert on November 18 by officers with the Division of Wildlife Sources.

Given that then others have cropped up, together with kinds in Warsaw, The Netherlands, the Isle Of Wight, central California, Vermont, and at a mountain-bike topic park in Canterbury, New Zealand.

The 3-sided steel pillars are reminiscent of the science fiction Area Odyssey series by writer Arthur C. Clarke in which three this sort of monoliths, built by extraterrestrials to foster intelligent daily life, are uncovered across the solar method.

The original monolith appeared in the remote desert in southeastern Utah in November

The original monolith appeared in the remote desert in southeastern Utah in November

On December 10, a monolith appeared right away in Adelaide, Australia, with 3 diverse coordinates engraved into it.

The top rated coordinates ended up for Trump Tower in Manhattan, while the second location was the uninhabited island of Managaha in the Northern Mariana Islands, and the base set marked the Sphinx in Egypt’s Al Giza Desert.  

A three-sided structure was found at Seaford Train Bridge in Adelaide's southern suburbs  earlier this month. Etched into it were coordinates for three different locations around the world

A a few-sided composition was uncovered at Seaford Teach Bridge in Adelaide’s southern suburbs  previously this thirty day period. Etched into it were being coordinates for three distinct places about the world

Most of the constructions have disappeared as quickly and mysteriously as they appeared, with minimal details on their creators. 

The destiny of San Francisco’s gingerbread monolith is  mysterious, as Sharma observed it commenced raining in the city all-around 11:30am. 

‘…Not positive what transpires to gingerbread in the rain,’ he wrote, ‘but it probably isn’t great.’





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