Category Archives: EDUCATION

The world’s greatest high-wire artiste reveals the secret to walking a tightrope at insane height 


E book OF THE 7 days

ON THE Superior WIRE

By Philippe Petit

(Weidenfeld & Nicholson £9.99, 115pp) 

When my son ran away to join the circus, I additional or a lot less ran away with him. I could not be kept absent from the Academy of Circus Arts, the apprentice arm of Zippos.

Most weekends, I would cook dinner a barbecue for the clowns. I would drink single malt in the firelight with Konny Konyot, whose Hungarian spouse experienced an exploding saxophone.

It was an honour to get to know the legendary ringmaster Norman Barrett, whose comical budgie act creased me up every time. As regards the contortionists, I didn’t know which end to give them my celebrated tacky-dip celebration sausage.

The significant-wire artistes, nonetheless, tended to hold to them selves. They were moody, solitary kinds. After examining this reserve with large satisfaction, I somewhat started to appreciate why.

Philippe Petit  (pictured walking concerning the Twin Towers in New York) presents perception into the abilities essential to be successful as a substantial-wire artiste

As Philippe Petit describes, a in no way-ending, monkish devotion to the job in hand is expected — rehearsing, practising, perfecting the approach. Relaxation is not permitted. There are no off-duty sessions for the tightrope-walker. Nothing can be still left to opportunity, as ‘chance is a thief that under no circumstances will get caught’.

Petit, who started as a unicyclist and juggler of burning torches, enjoys dazzling the public with what he can accomplish — or, as he places it in his Frenchman’s way: ‘Limits exist only in the souls of all those who do not aspiration.’

To that stop, he has strung his wires in between the towers of Notre Dame, the Twin Towers of the Environment Trade Centre, the two north pylons of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the skyscrapers in the vicinity of the Cathedral of St John the Divine, in Manhattan.

It took Petit 10 times to put in the devices to cross Niagara Falls — the trick was not to appear down, ‘for the motion of the waves will make you reduce your balance’.

If any person fancies following in Petit’s footsteps, the initially process is to get to know your wire. Will it be tight or slack? Will it bounce about or droop and sway?

Wires, in point, are woven alongside one another to variety a strand. The strands are twisted and sheathed jointly to build a steel cable, which ‘is lubricated when it is manufactured’. The tight-rope walker has to wash the coils with gasoline and rub it down with emery paper ‘until it is cleanse and grey’.

Even so, grease can ooze from the stretched cable when it is exposed to the very hot sunlight. At the other climatic intense, ‘I have kicked off snow with each step as I walked alongside a frozen cable,’ claims Petit nonchalantly. It is also important to appear out for kinks and damaged strands ‘that even the best stress simply cannot eliminate’.

Petit indicates the tightrope-walker wears slippers with skinny, rubber soles, cotton socks or only bare ft. ‘You need to be in a position to use the big toe and the second toe to grip the wire and hold on to it.’

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File range of consecutive skips performed on a higher-wire

Just like, presumably, a gibbon.

‘Work devoid of stopping,’ we are advised. ‘Little by tiny, the wire should belong to you.’ A wire that at to start with is tethered in the vicinity of the floor, but which is rigged bigger and increased as self-assurance is received.

What is remaining discovered is that crossing a superior-wire will require a continuous, if hair-elevating, sequence of balancing and adjusting, ‘on 1 foot, on the other foot, yet again, and once again, and yet again . . . Immediately after a great quantity of crossings back again and forth, you will know what it is to go and what it is to return.’

I can grasp that — honestly I can — and I am so uncoordinated I can scarcely stand up without having owning to sit down once more.

Petit, having said that, with his showman’s want to cause ‘an virtually palpable excitement’ in his audiences, enjoys overcoming impossibilities.

In his circus acts and other stunts up on a wire, he has performed the splits, well balanced on a single knee, spun cartwheels, danced with ‘daggers hooked up to his ankles’, executed tips with hoops and skipping-ropes, climbed a ladder, reclined in a chair (‘its struts and legs resting on the rope’), worn a blindfold and carried an accomplice piggyback.

He is disdainful of fellow artistes who dress in safety harnesses, linked by an ‘almost invisible cable’ to a belt beneath the leotard. As for a basic safety web: ‘Anyone can use a web,’ sneers Petit.

However, he could have been happy of one the day he came a cropper, ‘falling 40 ft and struggling damaged ribs, a collapsed lung, a shattered hip and a smashed pancreas’.

ON THE HIGH WIRE By Philippe Petit (Weidenfeld & Nicholson £9.99, 115pp)

ON THE Large WIRE By Philippe Petit (Weidenfeld & Nicholson £9.99, 115pp)

Which is the only matter I have in prevalent with Philippe Petit: pancreatic difficulty.

Understandably, the tightrope-walker has no truck with margins of mistake. Pretty much, there cannot be any. Bogus steps occur only, we are informed pretty firmly, for the reason that of a lack of focus.

Petit, in truth, sees himself as the equivalent of a bullfighter, willingly and habitually confronting demise in the afternoon — ‘the terrain of the substantial-wire walker is bounded by dying,’ he says, grandly, if honestly, and undoubtedly Hemingway-esquely.

He even hopes to be killed undertaking what he is so passionate about: ‘I demand to be allowed to conclusion my daily life on the wire.’

Very well, not on the wire, certainly. A lot more like, ker-splat, on the ground following he has slipped abruptly from it — although Petit does point out a person who fell with these types of rapidity and drive that the wire sliced their arm off.

It is a scandal, as Paul Auster rightly claims in his brilliant introduction, that ‘circus techniques are assigned marginal status’, as if they are at most effective ‘a small form of athletics’, belonging with gypsy orchestras, Pierrot shows and stop-of-the-pier entertainments.

Acrobats and aerialists, with their juggling and dangerous stunts, on a regular basis accomplish ‘complex combos, intricate mathematical styles and arabesques of nonsensical beauty’.

I have often taken care of that the circus should to be accorded equivalent standing with the Royal Shakespeare Company or Covent Backyard garden Opera — it really should be Sir Norman Barrett, for case in point, or Lord Zippo.

And as for Philippe Petit, irrespective of his fondness for transcendental uplift and his endeavours to convince the reader of the interior ‘lightness that is so wonderful at wonderful heights’, all that issues definitely is that he doesn’t really drop for some time to arrive.



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Hibernating grizzly bears hold the key to stopping muscles wasting away in humans


Hibernating grizzly bears could drop light on how to minimize muscle mass wastage of astronauts in microgravity and patients on lifestyle assistance

  • Individuals that do not use their muscle groups very usually immediately see their muscle tissue squander
  • This involves bedridden people and astronauts that are in space  
  • But grizzly bears can hibernate for six months and sustain muscle mass sizing and tone
  • Researchers are now hoping to see if they can get the secrets and techniques from the genes of the grizzly bear and use it as a therapy for humans  

Hibernating grizzly bears may perhaps hold the key to preventing muscle mass squandering absent in people, featuring new hope to bedridden people and astronauts in area. 

Humans, like all animals that continue being awake all calendar year round, see their muscle mass enter atrophy – a losing method which diminishes the tissue – if unused for extensive durations. 

This is a specific problem for clients in intensive treatment who are respiration through a ventilator, as the diaphragm starts wasting away in just several hours.  

But hibernating animals, which include the vicious grizzly bear, can lie dormant for a number of months throughout the winter, and continue to keep their muscle mass dimension and tone. 

Researchers have started unpicking the secrets and techniques guiding this phenomenon and have located a handful of genes and processes which may perhaps assist stave off muscular atrophy. 

They are now hoping to convert their conclusions into medication to enable people vulnerable to atrophy. 

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But hibernating animals, like the vicious grizzly bear, lay dormant for several winter season months and retain their muscle mass dimension and tone. The key to this could lie in their genes as cells develop non-critical amino acids that inspire mobile development to protect muscle 

WHAT IS HIBERNATION?  

Hibernation is a system used by quite a few animals to aid them endure chilly temperature. 

In the course of winter season months temperatures dip, food is scarce and survival can be tough. 

Hibernation is distinctive based on the species but all awaken in the spring when temperatures recover once again.  

A hibernating animal’s metabolism slows and its temperature plunges, this assists preserve strength and assets. 

Respiratory slows as very well and in some animals, so does the coronary heart level.  

Some chilly-blooded animals, these types of as wooden frogs, create normal antifreezes to endure becoming frozen sound. 

mammals moving into hibernation should retail outlet up massive quantity of unwanted fat by consuming significantly in the months approaching hibernation, 

This layer of additional fats makes it possible for them to endure hibernation – insufficient body fat reserves can result in hunger during hibernation. 

Individuals not able to activate and use their muscle tissue for long intervals of time swiftly enter into atrophy, which includes astronauts in house. 

When in area, on the ISS for illustration, the lack of gravity implies muscle mass barely have to operate and astronauts have a vigorous workout regime to quit them from getting rid of big amounts of muscle mass. 

It is a significant impediment facing long run place exploration missions, including prepared manned missions to Mars.  

But grizzly bears, a large mammal that hibernates for close to 6 months, emerges from its prolonged slumber with no visible reduction in muscle dimensions. 

Scientists have very long sought to unlock the explanations driving this remarkable preservation and teachers at the Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Drugs in Berlin printed a paper in the journal Scientific Reviews investigating the phenomenon. 

‘Muscle atrophy is a real human issue that takes place in a lot of circumstances. We are however not really very good at stopping it,’ claims the direct creator of the study, Dr Douaa Mugahid. 

Muscle mass samples ended up taken from four captive bears courtesy of scientists at Washington Point out University and assessed. 

Scientists have been especially seeking for symptoms of heightened activity in muscle mass cell genes which produce proteins. 

Proteins are important in sustaining muscle mass development and restoration and their making blocks, amino acids, are considered to be the crucial to the system. 

When in space, on the ISS for example, the lack of gravity means muscles barely have to work and astronauts have a vigorous exercise routine to stop them from losing large amounts of muscle mass (file)

When in space, on the ISS for case in point, the deficiency of gravity implies muscle mass hardly have to do the job and astronauts have a vigorous training regimen to prevent them from getting rid of significant quantities of muscle mass (file) 

The review exposed that some proteins in the muscle tissues alter how a bear procedures these amino acids throughout hibernation. 

They change the metabolic rate of the grizzly and this ensures the muscle cells have greater amounts of specific non-important amino acids (NEAAs).

Researchers consider these NEAAs could be the crucial to stopping atrophy around time but using them as capsules has already been proved ineffective. 

The muscle mass need to be compelled to produce it itself to make sure the NEAAs achieve the ideal put and can function adequately.

This area of exploration is completely untested and experts are now hoping to come across out if particular pathways can be activated to start off the course of action. 

A handful of promising genes were being found out and are now getting scrutinised to see if they have therapeutic possibilities. 

‘We will now examine the effects of deactivating these genes,’ says Michael Gotthardt, who led the exploration. 

 ‘After all, they are only appropriate as therapeutic targets if there are possibly confined facet results or none at all.’  

WHY DO ASTRONAUTS Exercise IN Place, AND WHAT Workouts DO THEY DO?

In microgravity, system fluids are moved all around. Fluids such as plasma are lost all over the entire body. Plasma is exactly where red blood cells are living. 

Fewer plasma signifies there is significantly less blood to carry oxygen to the rest of the overall body. 

Exercise, having said that, has been revealed to maximize the quantity of plasma in the overall body. Astronauts who workout make a lot more crimson blood cells.

Microgravity also brings about another alter in a thing termed orthostatic intolerance. 

When you stand up immediately and really feel light-headed – that’s orthostatic intolerance.

Your body tries to stop this from occurring. It does so by raising its heart level and blood tension to retain additional blood returning to your heart. 

If you won’t be able to do that, you may move out. With no gravity and significantly less blood volume, astronauts are a lot more prone to fainting. 

Once more, workout can assistance raise blood volume and circulation. That aids avert fainting.

Whilst in area, astronauts have to physical exercise two hours a working day to avert bone and muscle loss. 

Weakened astronauts would be less ready to do duties even though in house. If there were being an emergency, they would also require to be in excellent form to get out of a place craft or station immediately. 

Once they land on Earth, weakened muscle tissues and bones would make going for walks tough.

Muscle mass can be built back again up with therapy. But missing bone is not as effortless to get again.

A few main physical exercises in place:

Astronauts use a few pieces of work out devices. 

  • Cycle Ergometer: This is like a bicycle, and the main exercise is pedaling. It is applied to measure physical fitness in place since it is uncomplicated to examine coronary heart amount and how a lot get the job done is remaining finished.
  • Treadmill: Walking or jogging on the treadmill is like going for walks on Earth. Strolling is the solitary most vital way to retain bones and muscles healthier. Due to the fact the deficiency of gravity tends to make folks float, harnesses are connected to the astronauts to hold them to the going for walks floor. 
  • Resistance Workout Machine (Purple): The Pink appears to be like like body weight-lifting devices you may see on tv. To use it, astronauts pull and twist stretchy rubber-band-like cords connected to pulleys. The Purple can be used for a full entire body work out. From squats and bending workouts for the legs, to arm routines and heel raises, astronauts can do them all on the Pink. Russians and People in america have diverse work out routines on the Area Station. But they all have the exact same purpose: preserving the astronauts and cosmonauts nutritious. 

Source: NASA 

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NASA sets materials on fire aboard the ISS


NASA astronauts have practically been playing with fireplace aboard the International Room Station,  as portion of experiments to identify how flames behave in space.

The ‘Confined Combustion’ experiments have been executed because Xmas Eve to figure out the how fires distribute and behave in different ways in zero gravity.

Due to the distinctions in gravity, fires could be much more harmful on the moon than on Earth, with much more robust fires that unfold more quickly.

The experiments could supply essential insights for NASA’s future vacation to the moon in 2024, and the long-expression missions to create a lunar outpost there.

A superior-res, even now digital camera picture of an experimental fire in low gravity situations

‘Living on the moon is a distinctive setting from room station and Earth, and fires will behave in another way there,’ reported Dr Paul Ferkul, of the Universities House Investigate Affiliation, who is performing on the venture.

‘There’s motive to imagine that fires could be more dangerous on the moon than on Earth,’ Dr Ferkul told the Guardian. 

When a flame burns on Earth, gravity draws colder, denser air down to the foundation of the flame, replacing the scorching air, which rises – an outcome termed buoyancy.

This upward circulation of air offers a flame its exclusive teardrop condition.

But in zero gravity, warm air isn’t going to shift upwards because of to the absence of gravity, offering fires a spherical or dome form. 

On Earth, a candle burns with a tall, yellow flame (right). In space, a smaller, blue flame burns on the center of the wick

On Earth, a candle burns with a tall, yellow flame (proper). In place, a more compact, blue flame burns on the centre of the wick

In accordance to NASA, buoyancy essentially prevents experts on Earth from attaining a elementary comprehension of how flames spread.

Having said that, in microgravity, this buoyancy is eliminated, allowing researchers to much better analyze the physics of flame unfold.

‘Removing gravity gets rid of organic convection the very hot air is not going up due to the fact there is no “up”,’ claimed Ferkul. 

NASA astronauts lit fires in bins of different measurements, with a fan blowing air as a result of them to supply oxygen – which fires require to melt away.

The crew made use of cotton, fibreglass and acrylic samples as gasoline to see how diverse air flows and box dimensions alter the combustion prices.

In the 15 experiments executed so far the flame has burned for involving a person and 22 minutes. 

The experiments examined the behaviour of flames as they distribute in in another way-formed confined spaces in microgravity – in individual studying the conversation between spreading flames and bordering walls.

Flame distribute in confined areas this kind of as properties and autos may well pose a additional major fire hazard than flame spread in open up spaces, brought about partly by radiative heat opinions from the bordering partitions.

Flames distribute quicker in more compact confined areas than in larger sized spaces, even if all other environmental conditions these as oxygen provide and force had been the same.

The exams recommend flames could be much more dangerous on the moon than on Earth, thanks to the decrease buoyancy – mainly because warmth stays closer to the ground. 

NASA can use this awareness to enhance material assortment for its lunar outpost on the moon, which it options to create by 2028, as properly as fire protection methods.

As element of the house agency’s Artemis software, NASA designs to deliver the initial girl to the moon in 2024 and create ‘sustainable missions’ by 2028. 

NASA envisages the moon as an industrial base for additional place exploration, as effectively as a property for refuelling depots and a facility for processing samples from the Moon’s surface.

The Confined Combustion experiments are not the to start with to gentle fires aboard the ISS in 2008, NASA introduced the Combustion Integrated Rack to understand the fundamentals of the combustion system.

The ‘Saffire’ experiments carried out from 2016 to 2017 investigated big-scale flame unfold and content flammability boundaries, which includes a fire deliberately lit aboard the Cygnus spacecraft just before it burnt up in Earth’s atmosphere.

WHAT IS NASA’S ARTEMIS MISSION TO THE MOON?

Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo and goddess of the Moon in Greek mythology. 

NASA has chosen her to personify its route back again to the Moon, which will see astronauts return to the lunar floor by 2024 –  together with the to start with woman and the next guy.

Artemis 1, previously Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of more and more complex missions that will allow human exploration to the Moon and Mars. 

Artemis 1 will be the initial integrated flight exam of NASA’s deep room exploration process: the Orion spacecraft, House Start Process (SLS) rocket and the floor programs at Kennedy Room Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.  

Artemis 1 will be an uncrewed flight that will present a foundation for human deep house exploration, and show our commitment and capacity to prolong human existence to the Moon and outside of. 

All through this flight, the spacecraft will start on the most strong rocket in the earth and fly farther than any spacecraft built for humans has at any time flown.

It will travel 280,000 miles (450,600 km) from Earth, 1000’s of miles past the Moon more than the class of about a three-7 days mission. 

Artemis 1, formerly Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that will enable human exploration to the Moon and Mars. This graphic explains the various stages of the mission

Artemis 1, previously Exploration Mission-1, is the 1st in a sequence of ever more elaborate missions that will help human exploration to the Moon and Mars. This graphic points out the many levels of the mission

Orion will remain in house for a longer time than any ship for astronauts has accomplished without the need of docking to a area station and return house more quickly and hotter than at any time before. 

With this very first exploration mission, NASA is major the next techniques of human exploration into deep house exactly where astronauts will build and commence testing the techniques in close proximity to the Moon necessary for lunar floor missions and exploration to other places farther from Earth, which include Mars. 

The will just take crew on a various trajectory and exam Orion’s significant techniques with people aboard.

The SLS rocket will from an first configuration able of sending additional than 26 metric tons to the Moon, to a closing configuration that can ship at least 45 metric tons. 

With each other, Orion, SLS and the floor units at Kennedy will be in a position to meet the most difficult crew and cargo mission demands in deep space.

At some point NASA seeks to establish a sustainable human presence on the Moon by 2028 as a result of the Artemis mission.

The area company hopes this colony will uncover new scientific discoveries, display new technological breakthroughs and lay the basis for personal businesses to build a lunar economy. 

 



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Grand medieval house discovered under a public TOILET in Cardiff 


Grand medieval house containing a 570-year-old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horse shoes is discovered under a public TOILET in Cardiff

  • The remains were dug up with the help of 35 volunteers and around 200 children
  • Archaeologists found that the ground floor of the house remained fully intact 
  • The building was once home to an important resident of Cardiff, experts think 
  • Use of Bath stone in the fireplace hints at the house being one of high status

A grand medieval house containing a 570-year-old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horse shoes has been discovered under an old public toilet in Cardiff.

The discovery was made during an archaeological dig that involved 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children.

Experts believe that the building may have once been the home of an important resident of Cardiff — perhaps for an official at the neighbouring Llandaff Cathedral.

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A grand medieval house containing a 570-year-old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horse shoes has been discovered in an archaeological dig, pictured, under a public toilet in Cardiff

The discovery beneath the old toilet block was made during an archaeological dig that involved 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children

The discovery beneath the old toilet block was made during an archaeological dig that involved 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children

Among the items discovered by Dr Young and his colleagues was a counting token — known as a 'jetton' — which is believed to have come from Paris in the early 1300s

Among the items discovered by Dr Young and his colleagues was a counting token — known as a ‘jetton’ — which is believed to have come from Paris in the early 1300s

WHAT IS A JETTON? 

Among the items discovered by Dr Young and his colleagues was a counting token known as a ‘jetton’.

Made in Europe between the 13th and 17th Centuries, jettons were used on abacus-like counting boards and as tokens in games.

The jetton found at the Llandaff site is believed to have come from Paris and dates back to the early 1300s.

‘This was a surprise, to find a high status building,’ said lead archaeologist Tim Young of Cardiff University.

The house — which is about 33 feet (10 metres) in length — could be regarded as being prestigious because of the use of Bath stone in the construction of its fireplace, Dr Young explained.

‘The stone was not commonly used at the time, although it can be found at Llandaff Cathedral,’ he added.

The ground floor of the historic house was found to be still fully intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal pound.

Among the items discovered by Dr Young and his colleagues was a counting token — known as a ‘jetton’ — which is believed to have come from Paris in the early 1300s.

In an effort to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the dig will be analysed by Dr Young and other archaeological experts at Cardiff University.

At present, however, the researchers’ theories include a house keeper for the nearby Manor of Llandaff, or an official at the neighbouring cathedral.

Experts believe that the building may have once been the home of an important resident of Cardiff — perhaps for an official at the neighbouring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe that the building may have once been the home of an important resident of Cardiff — perhaps for an official at the neighbouring Llandaff Cathedral

The house — which is about 33 feet (10 m) in length — could be regarded as being prestigious because of the use of Bath stone in the construction of its fireplace, Dr Young explained

The house — which is about 33 feet (10 m) in length — could be regarded as being prestigious because of the use of Bath stone in the construction of its fireplace, Dr Young explained

The ground floor of the historic house was found to be still fully intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal pound

The ground floor of the historic house was found to be still fully intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal pound

‘It is not known who lived at the house, although it could be a person of status as it was located next to the Old Bishop’s Castle, and bishops at that time held manorial rights,’ said Dr Young.

‘The site is known as the pound, as it was the animal pound for Llandaff and we have evidence of that dating back to about 1607.

‘It had always been assumed that the area was also the pound before that, so the discovery of a medieval dwelling on the site was quite unexpected.’

Once the remains of the medieval building have been documented by experts, the site will be covered up again to make way for a community and heritage centre. 

Experts believe that the building may have once been the home of an important resident of Cardiff — perhaps for an official at the neighbouring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe that the building may have once been the home of an important resident of Cardiff — perhaps for an official at the neighbouring Llandaff Cathedral

In an effort to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the dig will be analysed by Dr Young and other archaeological experts at Cardiff University. At present, however, the researchers' theories include an official at the neighbouring cathedral, pictured

In an effort to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the dig will be analysed by Dr Young and other archaeological experts at Cardiff University. At present, however, the researchers’ theories include an official at the neighbouring cathedral, pictured

In an effort to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the dig will be analysed by Dr Young and other archaeological experts at Cardiff University. At present, however, the researchers' theories include an official at the neighbouring cathedral, pictured left in this map that dates back to 1610

In an effort to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the dig will be analysed by Dr Young and other archaeological experts at Cardiff University. At present, however, the researchers’ theories include an official at the neighbouring cathedral, pictured left in this map that dates back to 1610

'It is not known who lived at the house, although it could be a person of status as it was located next to the Old Bishop's Castle, and bishops at that time held manorial rights,' said Dr Young. Pictured, the gatehouse of the Bishop's Palace in Llandaff

‘It is not known who lived at the house, although it could be a person of status as it was located next to the Old Bishop’s Castle, and bishops at that time held manorial rights,’ said Dr Young. Pictured, the gatehouse of the Bishop’s Palace in Llandaff

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Commemorative calendar showcases 12 lesser-known Hubble images



The calendar is portion of a sequence of initiatives by the European Space Agency to celebrate the success of the Hubble Space Telescope in advance of its 30th anniversary in April.

The company says it has been instrumental in various scientific discoveries, engineering achievements and cultural impacts and so they needed to discover a assortment of illustrations or photos that were being beautiful but not as effectively regarded. 

April: Dazzling diamonds of Trumpler 14 

A single of the premier gatherings of scorching, enormous and dazzling stars in the Milky Way is the star cluster Trumpler 14.

A 2016 Hubble impression captured the cluster, which houses some of the most luminous stars in our galaxy – shining like ‘diamonds’.

The popular darkish patch, close to the centre of the cluster is a ‘Bok globule’, in accordance to ESA. This is an isolated and relatively smaller dark nebula, containing dense dust and gasoline. 

‘These objects are nevertheless topics of extreme research as their composition and density remains considerably a thriller.’



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LG to unveil a 65-inch OLED TV screen that unrolls from the ceiling at CES 2020


LG will reveal an OLED Television set that unfurls from the ceiling and another that ‘hangs like wallpaper’ at the Buyer Electronics Exhibit in Las Vegas following 7 days.

The 65-inch UHD Roll-Down Tv set can be saved in the ceiling and pulled down when ideal or rolled up when not in use. 

Also on present will be a 77-inch UHD Movie Cinematic Sound & Wallpaper OLED screen that can be hung like wallpaper. 

The larger sized screen has a wafer-slender display and audio system that’s embedded into the display screen.

OLED online video walls, made of 55-inch OLED shows installed on the wall of a airplane, permit passengers to ‘feel far more openness’ in the slender place of an enclosed cabin

The equipment point to ‘the foreseeable future of home interior design’, according to LG Display. 

The organization is also showcasing its OLED video clip walls mounted on the inside of a airplane to ‘create a new perception of flight’.

This will present travellers the knowledge of experience much more open ‘in the narrow space’ of a tiny cabin and help though away the hours of a lengthy-haul flight.

The bendable screen will let passengers modify the curvature of the show according to their choices, irrespective of whether taking part in online games or observing movies.

Another screen with 40 for every cent transparency in between cabin sections will demonstrate films and passenger data, these as security films. 

WHAT IS OLED? 

OLED, or natural light-weight-emitting diodes, is effective by placing electric power via selected resources that glow crimson, green and blue.

It is the only Tv set technology to develop colour like this. LCDs, for occasion, use color filters and liquid crystals that block light-weight to build an image.

In the meantime, plasmas use UV gentle by triggering pockets of fuel that build crimson, eco-friendly and blue phosphors.

This suggests that OLEDs can be thinner and extra versatile than any other television technology at present on the sector.

LG claims it will also be displaying off plastic OLED shows for vehicles and interactive displays for use in schools, places of work and museums at this year’s show, which usually takes spot from January 7 to 10 at Las Vegas Conference Center. 

At CES 2019, LG uncovered a rollable Tv set display screen that can be manufactured to vanish down into an aluminium base when not in use and acquire up a ‘minimal total of authentic estate’.

A year since its unveiling at CES 2019, the display screen is not nevertheless offered to obtain but ‘coming soon’.

The consumer know-how showcase usually takes area in Las Vegas from January 7 to 10, and we’ve taken a seem at some of the most focus-grabbing units.

Samsung’s bezel-considerably less Tv

LG’s main rival and compatriot Samsung will reveal the world’s to start with frameless Television set at the demonstrate future 7 days.

According to a report from SamMobile, the Television established will have no outer bezel – next the lead of its bezel-significantly less smartphones – meaning the monitor blends seamlessly against its backdrop.

In advance of the expected unveiling, German site 4KFilme released what they claim are the to start with official images of the Tv set, which demonstrate a chameleon-like conformity with its qualifications environment.

Samsung has not even verified existence of the Tv but urged its Twitter followers to observe its keynote at 9:30PM jap time on January 6 (2:30am GMT the future working day) in a cryptic submit.

Samsung released a vague sounding teaser on Twitter this Tuesday that may be the precursor to its official announcement of a bezel-less OLED TV

Samsung introduced a obscure sounding teaser on Twitter this Tuesday that may possibly be the precursor to its official announcement of a bezel-considerably less OLED Tv set

A picture leaked by German site, 4KFilme (above) is reportedly the first ever image of Samsung's soon-to-be-unveiled bezel-less TV

A picture leaked by German web site, 4KFilme (higher than) is reportedly the first at any time picture of Samsung’s soon-to-be-unveiled bezel-considerably less Tv set

E-bike

An e-bike made by the French vitality systems agency Nawa that can speedily retail outlet and discharge energy introduced from braking is also remaining demonstrated this year. 

The bike’s ultracapicitor system acts as a secondary electrical power resource for the engine, which is housed elegantly higher than the battery in the motorcycle’s frame.

The Racer will have a 99-horsepower motor that will permit it to go from -62mph in less than 3 seconds, and come with a 9-kWh lithium battery pack.

The Nawa racer is only a notion Nawa isn’t going to approach on releasing the Racer commercially but hopes the energy process will encourage other makers.

The Nawa Racer will power itself partially through energy converted from its breaking system

The Nawa Racer will electric power itself partially through energy transformed from its breaking method

Fingers-free of charge trash

The Townew rubbish bin from Toronto-based mostly tech firm Knectek Labs has already been honoured with an innovation award by CES.

The trash can opens with a wave of the hand to acquire waste and instantly seal rubbish liners with the contact of a smaller button so customers don’t have to get their palms lined in slimy garbage juice.

The refill system includes a person long trash liner that a compact reducing system divides into person liners.

User continue to have to decide on the sealed waste bag out of the bin, which is available to purchase for $100 (£75).

Townew is a futuristic new trash can (pictured above) that will automatically seal old trash liners and roll out new ones to keep users hands clean

Townew is a futuristic new trash can (pictured previously mentioned) that will quickly seal previous trash liners and roll out new kinds to keep customers hands clean 

Pizza robotic

Seattle-dependent automation vendors Picnic will be delivering attendees of CES 2020 with pizza built by its incredibly have robotic chef.

Making use of a mixture of nozzles and dispensers, Picnic’s robot will produce up to 300 12-inch custom-made pizzas an hour on the CES present ground.

‘This is one robot that won’t be a CES exhibitor only showing futuristic ideas,’ said Clayton Wood, CEO of Picnic.

‘It is previously in use in serious-globe kitchen options and will only carry on to increase its abilities, as will be viewed via Picnic’s delivery of mass customization food stuff creation and good-tasting pizza provided to CES attendees.’

Picnic's robot system can apparently perform any number of food assembly tasks in any order, configurable to any restaurant's process

Picnic’s robot program can seemingly carry out any range of foodstuff assembly jobs in any get, configurable to any restaurant’s system

CES welcomes sexual intercourse toys

The Lioness clever vibrator, a intercourse toy that can be managed by a mobile application, is a finalist for CES 2020’s Final Gadget Standing Award.

2020 Consumer Electronics Show Final Gadget Standing Award finalists 

Lioness Vibrator – Lioness

MedWand – MedWand Answers

Octobo- Thinker-Tinker

WOWCube – CubiOs Inc

Orbi WiFi 6 Mesh – NETGEAR

ClearUP Sinus Agony Reduction – Tivic Health

Phyn Intelligent Water Assistant – Phyn

Flic 2 Smart Button – Flic

DoodleMatic Cell Match Maker – Tink Electronic Inc

Ambassador Interpreter – Waverly Labs Inc 

Soon after the controversy encompassing the disqualification of the Ose vibrator by intercourse technological innovation company Lora DiCarlo toy final 12 months for staying ‘immoral and obscene’, CES 2020 marks the 1st calendar year sexual intercourse know-how products and solutions can qualify for awards.

Lioness is currently being promoted as the 1st vibrator to use data, which it gathers via its ‘biofeedback sensor’ to visualize female orgasms.

Its developer is the initial vibrator corporation to have community ads at bus stops across San Francisco.

The ten finalists for the Previous Gadget Standing award – voted for by attendees of the occasion – have been unveiled on Thursday from hundreds of applicants.

Other contenders consist of a plush toy that is also a learning robotic and a good button that offers an substitute to voice instructions as a way of controlling various smart equipment.

The Lioness smart vibrator, a sex toy that can be controlled through a mobile app, is a finalist for CES 2020's Last Gadget Standing Award

The Lioness clever vibrator, a sexual intercourse toy that can be managed by way of a mobile application, is a finalist for CES 2020’s Previous Gadget Standing Award

The Lioness smart vibrator, created by the Oakland, California startup, calls itself the first vibrator to use data, its patented biofeedback technology, to improve the user's experience. Lioness also says that it is the first vibrator company to have public ads at bus stops across San Francisco

The Lioness wise vibrator, designed by the Oakland, California startup, calls by itself the to start with vibrator to use details, its patented biofeedback engineering, to boost the user’s knowledge. Lioness also claims that it is the first vibrator business to have public advertisements at bus stops throughout San Francisco

 



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The race to Mars: USA, Europe, Russia, China and the UAE are all headed for the Red Planet in 2020


There are four major missions bound for Mars this year, with the USA, Europe, China and the United Arab Emirates all preparing to depart in the summer.

The flurry of Martian launches are due to the fact that, in July 2020, Earth and Mars are ideally positioned relative to each other for spaceships to land.

Three of the four missions will see rovers landing on the planet in search of ancient signs of life, the other mission will see a UAE-built orbiter study the atmosphere.

There are hundreds of other space missions in 2020 not going to Mars, including the first commercially operated flights to the International Space Station.

There will also be hundreds of new satellites sent into space by SpaceX and OneWeb as part of their ‘clusters’. 

Here are the big launches to watch out for in 2020. 

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NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover will pick up samples of rock and soil from the red planet, deposit them in tubes and leave them on the ground for a future mission to return them to Earth.

NASA Mars 2020 rover launch

By July all the talk will be of Mars, as rovers destined for the Red Planet are launched by by Europe, America and China.

There are multiple missions to Mars in 2020 due to its optimum position relative to Earth, making journeys shorter than they would be otherwise

There are multiple missions to Mars in 2020 due to its optimum position relative to Earth, making journeys shorter than they would be otherwise

NASA is launching the Mars 2020 Rover and the Mars Helicopter Scout to gather rock samples for an eventual return to Earth.  

The rover will leave for Mars in July or August 2020 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Base and will travel aboard the two-stage Atlas V-541 rocket, provided by the United Launch Alliance.

NASA’s robotic vehicle passed its ‘driving test’ last week and won’t move again until it arrives on the Red Planet in mid-February 2021.

The semi-autonomous vehicle will search for signs of ancient microbial life within the Jezero crater, which contains a dried up lake once filled with water.

During its mission, the rover will drive about 650ft a day collecting rock and soil samples, depositing them in small tubes and leaving them for later collection.

ESA and Roscosmos ExoMars mission

The European Space Agency (ESA) are working with the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) to launch the Rosalind Franklin rover using the Kazachok lander.

The European Space Agency's Rosalind Franklin Rover has been named after the English chemist who helped unlock the secrets of DNA. It will launch in July 2020

The European Space Agency’s Rosalind Franklin Rover has been named after the English chemist who helped unlock the secrets of DNA. It will launch in July 2020

The Rosalind Franklin, previously called the ExoMars rover, is named after the English chemist who made key contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite. 

Like the NASA Mars 2020 rover, the Rosalind Franklin’s goal is to find out whether life has ever existed on the Red Planet. 

The British-built rover will head out on an eight month mission that will see it travel 330ft per day as part of its study of the surface of the Red Planet.

The Trace Gas Orbiter, which has been at Mars since October 2016, will act as a relay station for the mission that also includes the Russian stationary service platform. 

China’s Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter, Lander and Small Rover mission

China are sending the Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover to the planet – the first Chinese mission to another planet using its own delivery vehicle.

In 2020 China will launch a mission to Mars that will see it deploy a lander and an orbiter over the Red Planet

In 2020 China will launch a mission to Mars that will see it deploy a lander and an orbiter over the Red Planet

The Chinese mission will launch in July 2020 on board the Long March 5 heavy lift rocket in search for evidence of past life and to assess the planet’s environment. 

On December 27 China successfully tested the Long March 5 by launching a test satellite into low Earth orbit.

The solar-powered rover will carry ground-penetrating radar, multi spectral camera, a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy instrument and payloads for detecting the climate and magnetic environment. 

 UAE’s Hope Mars Mission

The United Arab Emirates are also planning to launch for the Red Planet. They are launching the Hope Mars Mission orbiter on a Japanese rocket in July 2020.

The United Arab Emirates are also launching a probe for Mars in 2020 that will see it study the lower atmosphere on the Red Planet

The United Arab Emirates are also launching a probe for Mars in 2020 that will see it study the lower atmosphere on the Red Planet

The probe will study the climate of the Red Planet every day and through seasonal cycles to better asses weather events in the lower atmosphere such as dust storms.

It’s the first planetary space mission led by an Arab-Islamic country and will arrive in 2021, the 50th anniversary of the UAE’s formation.

It was built in collaboration with the University of Colorado Boulder, University of California Berkeley and Arizona State University. 

All four missions are due to arrive at the Red Planet in February 2021 and have the search for ancient signs of life as part of their objectives.

ESA and NASA Solar Orbiter launch

In February the European Space Agency are launching the Solar Orbiter on board an Atlas V from Cape Canaveral in the USA. 

The European Space Agency are launching their Solar Orbiter in 2020 in the hope of discovering the secrets of how the Sun's 'Plasma Bubble' envelops the solar system

The European Space Agency are launching their Solar Orbiter in 2020 in the hope of discovering the secrets of how the Sun’s ‘Plasma Bubble’ envelops the solar system

Its goal is to help astronomers understand how our star creates and controls the giant bubble of plasma that surrounds the whole solar system.

The mission in collaboration with NASA, will investigate how this solar fired plasma bubble influences the planets within it. 

Once in space the craft will repeatedly use the gravity of Venus and Earth to raise its orbit above the poles of the Sun.

ESA says this will provide new perspectives on our star, including the first images of the Sun’s polar regions ever captured.

NASA Orion lunar spacecraft launch 

The first flight of the Orion lunar spacecraft is also due to happen in 2020 – launching on the new NASA Space Launch System (SLS) rockets. 

In 2020 in Orion spacecraft will fly to the moon in a test flight for the Artemis mission that will eventually see the first woman and next man step foot on the lunar surface

In 2020 in Orion spacecraft will fly to the moon in a test flight for the Artemis mission that will eventually see the first woman and next man step foot on the lunar surface

The SLS will be the largest rocket ever built and will get the Artemis astronauts to the moon, carry parts into space for the Lunar Gateway space station, and launch future some commercial International Space Station missions. 

Artemis 1 will see the uncrewed Orion craft spend three weeks in space including a six day retrograde orbit around the moon.

The launch, expected for November 2020, is designed as a test of the module that will take astronauts back to the moon in 2024.

There is speculation the SLS and first uncrewed Artemis flight around the moon could slip until 2021, but at the time of writing it was scheduled for 2020. 

ISS astronaut launches 

It’s not just the rovers and uncrewed modules having all the fun – there will be crewed missions from Virgin Galactic, China, SpaceX and Boeing in 2020.

SpaceX are one of two commercial companies expected to start operating flights to the International Space Station for international astronaut crew in 2020

SpaceX are one of two commercial companies expected to start operating flights to the International Space Station for international astronaut crew in 2020

There will also be a crew change on board the International Space Station as Russian and American crew change over on the space station.

The first two missions there and back will be on board Russian owned Soyuz crafts but NASA says a commercial ship will take crew to the ISS in May.

The SpaceX Dragon 2 module is due to take Expedition 64 and 65 to the station in May as part of the NASA Commercial Crew program – including two American and a Japanese astronaut.

It will be the first time a craft other than the Russian Built Soyuz has been used to transfer people to the station since the Space Shuttle Atlantis made its final trip in November 2009.

Boeing, who recently had a problem with its first uncrewed Starliner test flights, is also expected to operate the commercial space taxi service to the ISS from 2020

Boeing, who recently had a problem with its first uncrewed Starliner test flights, is also expected to operate the commercial space taxi service to the ISS from 2020 

Then in December 2020 the Boeing Starliner CST-100 will take expedition 66 and 67 crew to the station – including two Americans, a European and a Russian.

That mission will be only the fourth US Spaceflight with a female commander.

Boeing’s Starliner ran into issues during its uncrewed test flight in December when a timing glitch meant it couldn’t dock with the ISS. 

This is likely going to have to be repeated before a crewed mission, although NASA said if there were crew aboard the issue could have been resolved to allow the docking to happen. 

Chinese Tianhe-1 space station launch

The first part of the Chinese space station is due to be launched in 2020 – the core module is known as Tianhe-1  or Harmony of the Heavens.

The first module is being launched by the heavy-lift rocket Long March 5. 

The complete Chinese space station will be assembled in orbit from pieces launched from Earth on separate missions. 

The final, complete Chinese space station will be about a fifth the mass of the International Space Station and is due to be completed and occupied by 2023.

Japan’s Hayabusa2 asteroid sample-return mission

We will also get some samples of an asteroid returned to Earth as Japan’s Hayabusa-2 is expected to drop its samples of the Ryugu asteroid in the Australian desert.

Scientists hope will provide clues into what the Solar System was like at its birth some 4.6billion years ago

Scientists hope will provide clues into what the Solar System was like at its birth some 4.6billion years ago

Hayabusa-2 was launched in 2014 by the Japanese Space Agency JAXA with the aim of bringing samples from under the soil of an asteroid back to Earth. 

The probe was sent 186 million miles from Earth to the asteroid Ryugu, whose name means ‘Dragon Palace’ in Japanese. 

The return of the samples should happen in December, so any delay could see it slip to 2021, according to the Japanese space agency JAXA.

China’s Chang’e 5 sample return mission

China is also launching the Chang’e 5 sample return mission to the Moon where it will collect sample and bring them back to Earth for study.

It will launch on the Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket from the Wenchang Satellite Launch Centre on Hainan island late in 2020.

The aim of China’s space agency is to bring back about 4lb of lunar samples from a site near a volcanic formation on the western edge of the near side of the moon.

In another sample return mission, OSIRIS-Rex by NASA will sample Bennu in July although the samples won’t return to Earth until after 2021.

Commercial launches including Virgin Galactic 

Other launches in 2020 will see hundreds of small communications satellites launched by OneWeb and SpaceX as part of their ‘constellations’.

Virgin CEO Richard Branson, appeared in a sky diving simulator as he wears Virgin Galactic's new space-wear system, developed in partnership with Under Armour. He is expected to fly to the edge of space with his spaceliner in 2020

Virgin CEO Richard Branson, appeared in a sky diving simulator as he wears Virgin Galactic’s new space-wear system, developed in partnership with Under Armour. He is expected to fly to the edge of space with his spaceliner in 2020

These have proved controversial as astronomers claim they interfere with observations, creating a streak that obscures the view of stars and planets.

Both companies say they are working to ensure their satellites have minimal impact on the sky as viewed from Earth.

Richard Branson is due to make his first flight to space in 2020 – he will be going up on the next crewed Virgin Galactic test flight.

The billionaire entrepreneur will fly to space on board the VSS Unity with other astronauts employed by the spaceliner. 

Launches will be happening all over the world – from Russia and the USA to China and India – it’s going to be a busy year for space ports. 

WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT NASA’S MARS 2020 ROVER?

Nasa’s Mars 2020 rover will search for signs of ancient life on Mars in a bid to help scientists better understand how life evolved on our own planet.

The machine will explore an ancient river delta within the Jezero Crater, which was once filled with a 1,600-foot (500-meter) deep lake.

It is believed that the region hosted microbial life some 3.5 to 3.9 billion years ago.

Nasa's Mars 2020 rover (artist's impression) will search for signs of ancient life on Mars in a bid to help scientists better understand how life evolved on our own planet

Nasa’s Mars 2020 rover (artist’s impression) will search for signs of ancient life on Mars in a bid to help scientists better understand how life evolved on our own planet

The $2.5 billion (£1.95 billion) Mars 2020 is planned to launch in July 2020, and land in February 2021.

Mars 2020 is designed to land inside the crater and collect samples that will eventually be returned to Earth for further analysis.

Nasa says a second mission will need to fly to the planet and return the samples, perhaps by the later 2020s.

This concept art shows the Mars 2020 rover landing on the red planet via NASA's 'sky-crane' system

This concept art shows the Mars 2020 rover landing on the red planet via NASA’s ‘sky-crane’ system



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TikTok claims the USA and India made the most requests for access to user data


TikTok has claimed that the Chinese government made zero requests for user information or content removal in six months of 2019.

India and American governments made the most requests for access to user data and content removal in the first six months of 2019. 

The inaugural transparency report from TikTok comes as sllegations of spying and privacy grow, but TikTok claims the Communist Party of China did not make a single request of this nature. 

But privacy advocate Paul Bischoff says it would be naive to assume TikTok is beyond China’s censorship. 

He slammed the report as disingenuous and and says the app has repeatedly removed content and banned accounts of users critical of the Chinese government.

Scroll down for video  

Owned by Chinese tech giant ByteDance and based in Beijing, the app claims that in the first six months of 2019 it did not receive a single request from the Communist Party of China (file photo)

WHAT IS TIKTOK?

Tik Tok is a Chinese social media app where users can live stream, create short videos and music videos and Gifs with a host of functions. 

Tik Tok’s tagline is ‘Make every second count’.

It was the most downloaded app in the US in 2018 and the world’s fourth most downloaded app in 2018, ahead of Instagram and Snapchat.

TikTok is known in China as Douyin where it was launched in 2016 and then made more widely available around the world in 2017.  

Douyin is still the version of the app used in China, available to download separately to TikTok.

Last year, the app was merged with popular music video lip-syncing app Musical.ly, also with headquarters in China. 

Most children use the app to film themselves lip-syncing to chart hits. 

It offers users a raft if colourful modification and editing tools including overlaying music, sound, animated stickers, filters and augmented reality (AR) for creating short videos. 

The Beijing based social network has more than 500 million active users and the company is now worth more than $75 billion (£58 billion). 

TikTok is blocked in China, but the government would be entitled to make any requests for data, to further criminal investigations. 

Paul Bischoff, a privacy advocate at Comparitech.com, told MailOnline: ‘TikTok has, on several occasions, removed content and banned accounts of users critical of the Chinese government.

‘The transparency report is disingenuous. The US and India top the list because they went through official channels to have content removed or to get information about users. 

‘Just because TikTok says it didn’t receive any such requests from Chinese authorities doesn’t mean it isn’t censoring content and users on China’s behalf. 

‘It would be very naive to assume TikTok, a Chinese-owned entity, is beyond China’s influence.’ 

Its inaugural transparency report details requests from nations around the world requesting various things, including removal of content which breaches local laws. 

US-based law enforcement agencies made 79 requests between January 1 and June 30, for user data access, including six requests for content removal. Most of these (86 per cent) were approved by TikTok. 

India topped the list with 107 total requests. 

The United Kingdom and Australia only made six and five requests, respectively. None of these were granted by TikTok.  

The video-sharing app exploded on the scene in 2019 and its popularity was only matched by the amount of scandals it became embroiled in. 

Owned by Chinese tech giant ByteDance, the app claims that in the first six months of 2019 it did not receive a single request from the Communist Party of China.   

TikTok said alongside the publication of the figures: ‘Government bodies sometimes request that we remove content they deem to be a violation of local laws. 

‘We review such requests closely and evaluate the specified content in accordance with our Community Guidelines and local laws.’

A table revealing all the complaints was accompanied by a prominent note, stating ‘TikTok did not receive any government requests to remove or restrict content from countries other than those on the list above’.

China was not among the countries claimed to have made requests for content removal.  

The report comes at a time where the app is under fire from countries around the world, notably the US, over its close connections to the Chinese government.

Spying concerns similar to those of technology firm Huawei have arisen in the wake of TikTok’s rise to viral prominence. 

This week, the US Army banned soldiers from using TikTok amid concerns that Chinese-owned app could be collecting American users’ personal data.

The Army announced that the app was no longer allowed on government phones on Monday because it is considered a cyber threat.

GOVERNMENT REQUESTS TO TIKTOK FOR REMOVAL OF CONTENT  
Country   Government Requests  Accounts Removed or Restricted  Content Removed or Restricted 
Australia 2
France 
Germany 
India  11  8
Israel 
Italy 
Japan 
United Kingdom 
United States 
US-based law enforcement agencies made 79 requests between January 1 and June 30, for user data access, including six requests for content removal. Most (86 per cent) were approved by TikTok

US-based law enforcement agencies made 79 requests between January 1 and June 30, for user data access, including six requests for content removal. Most (86 per cent) were approved by TikTok

Army recruiters began using TikTok last year as a means to reach young people and were still using it as of two months ago, despite calls from lawmakers to conduct a national security review.

Eric Ebenstein, TikTok’s head of public policy, wrote in a blog post: ‘Like all global internet platforms, TikTok is subject to a variety of laws and regulations in each country. 

‘Occasionally we are presented with requests from various official bodies in the countries where the TikTok app operates, such as government agencies or law enforcement officials, asking us to take certain actions at their behest. 

‘These include requests to take down content deemed to be in violation of local laws, or to provide information related to accounts under certain defined circumstances, such as to assist in a criminal investigation or emergency request.’

Mr Ebenstein added that the report includes the breakdown of 298 legal requests for information from 28 countries over the 6-month period. 

A balancing act is then conducted in-house, Mr Ebenstein continues, to weigh up ‘responsibilities to law enforcement with our respect for the privacy of our users’ and determine what, if any, action is required. 

He adds: ‘It also shows how we responded to the 26 requests to remove or restrict content from government bodies in 9 countries, as well as how we handled content copyright take-down requests to help copyright holders protect their intellectual property.’

TiKTok says it also plans to release reports regularly, presumably at six-month intervals.  



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